ताप की अवधारणा (Concept of Temperature): किसी वस्तु का ताप उसकी (Heatness)
या ठण्डेपन (Coldness) का मापक होता है अर्थात ताप वह भौतिक राशि होती है, जिसके
द्वारा हम छूकर यह ज्ञात कर सकते है कि कोई वस्तु कितनी गर्म या ठण्डी है।
Development Goals (SDG’s), Paris agreement on climate change cop-21 and Sendai
Framework Disaster Risk Reduction (2015-30) – all these three documents have
many common grounds, and one such conjunction is climate change, development,
disaster is defined as, “the devastating effects caused by an enormous spread of
a certain kind of living organism that may spread a disease, viruses or
infestation of plant, animal or insect life on an epidemic or pandemic level”.
Indian chemical industry contributes 2.11% to country's GDP. Between 2000 and
2015, the Indian chemical industry witnessed foreign direct investment worth
10.49 billion US dollars. This industry is expected to grow at 11% per annum to
US$ 154bn by 2020. However, major chemical disaster disrupts its growth and
The 3rd UN world conference on disaster risk reduction, held in Sendai
(Japan) in 2015, adopted a 15 year plan known as 'Sendai framework'. The Sendai
Framework is a successor of Hyogo framework for action (2005) and it is the
first UN agreement on the post 2015 development agenda. It has four priority
sector contributed only 17% to India's GDP in 2013. So the government is trying
to push for revival in this sector through 'Make in India' 2015 and 'start up
India – 2016' which could usher a new lease of life in this sector.
The recent instance of deteriorating air quality of country and capital after
festive season led to use the metaphor of gas chamber for atmosphere with low
and stagnant wind, refusing to dilute the noxious pollutants.
Ministry of Earth Science (MOES) was established in 2006 by bringing all the
agencies specializing in weather and climate service and ocean developmental
activities under one umbrella. MOES holistically addressesall aspects relating
to Earth system processes for providing weather climate, ocean, coastal,
hydrological and seismological services.
The Indian space programme started 20 years late than developed countries but
today it has emerged as one among the six leading space facing nations by
achieving self-reliance in technologies for building powerful rockets,
satellites for earth observation of communication etc.
India, black money refers to funds earned on the black market, on which taxes
have not been paid. In February, 2012, director of CBI said that Indians have US
$ 500 bn of illegal funds in foreign tax havens. To curb this black money
government had tighten is belt and shown its commitment to tackle this menace by
whether direct or indirect plays a very important role in national building. In
the scheme of indirect taxes Central Board of Excise & Custom (CBEC), a statuary
body constituted under Central Board of Revenue Act 1963, has been tasked with
formulation and implementation of policy concerning indirect taxes which creates