General Studies

Important Topics: Managing Risks of Disasters for Sustainable Development


SDGsSustainable Development Goals (SDG’s), Paris agreement on climate change cop-21 and Sendai Framework Disaster Risk Reduction (2015-30) – all these three documents have many common grounds, and one such conjunction is climate change, development,

Important Topics: Biological Disasters - Causes and Way Forward


Biological DisasterBiological disaster is defined as, “the devastating effects caused by an enormous spread of a certain kind of living organism that may spread a disease, viruses or infestation of plant, animal or insect life on an epidemic or pandemic level”.

Important Topics: Chemical Disaster: Prevention & Response

Introduction Indian chemical industry contributes 2.11% to country's GDP. Between 2000 and 2015, the Indian chemical industry witnessed foreign direct investment worth 10.49 billion US dollars. This industry is expected to grow at 11% per annum to US$ 154bn by 2020. However, major chemical disaster disrupts its growth and

Important Topics: Post Sendai Initiatives and Way Forward


The 3rd UN world conference on disaster risk reduction, held in Sendai (Japan) in 2015, adopted a 15 year plan known as 'Sendai framework'. The Sendai Framework is a successor of Hyogo framework for action (2005) and it is the first UN agreement on the post 2015 development agenda. It has four priority areas:

Important Topics: Science & Techology For Make In India

Introduction sector contributed only 17% to India's GDP in 2013. So the government is trying to push for revival in this sector through 'Make in India' 2015 and 'start up India – 2016' which could usher a new lease of life in this sector.

Important Topics: Science & Technology in Sustainable Development


S&TThe recent instance of deteriorating air quality of country and capital after festive season led to use the metaphor of gas chamber for atmosphere with low and stagnant wind, refusing to dilute the noxious pollutants.

Important Topics: Earth System Science For Public Safety

Introduction Ministry of Earth Science (MOES) was established in 2006 by bringing all the agencies specializing in weather and climate service and ocean developmental activities under one umbrella. MOES holistically addressesall aspects relating to Earth system processes for providing weather climate, ocean, coastal, hydrological and seismological services.

Important Topics: Space Based Platform For Common Man


The Indian space programme started 20 years late than developed countries but today it has emerged as one among the six leading space facing nations by achieving self-reliance in technologies for building powerful rockets, satellites for earth observation of communication etc.

Important Topics: Science For Development - Strengthening The Science & Technology Road Map

  • The Department of Science & Technology, Government of India, serves as the nodel agency for all government led initiatives that create and strengthen the science & technology in our country.
  • The DST accordingly co-ordinates with several other department,

Important Topics: Goods & Service Tax (GST) on Indian Economy

In order to make India a manufacturing hub, as it will create employment for burgeoning youth, it is imperative that the foreign investors / companies find the environment to be conducive here.

Important Topics: Black Money Menace - Government on War Footing India, black money refers to funds earned on the black market, on which taxes have not been paid. In February, 2012, director of CBI said that Indians have US $ 500 bn of illegal funds in foreign tax havens. To curb this black money government had tighten is belt and shown its commitment to tackle this menace by

Important Topics: Indirect Tax Reforms - Facilitative Tax Regime whether direct or indirect plays a very important role in national building. In the scheme of indirect taxes Central Board of Excise & Custom (CBEC), a statuary body constituted under Central Board of Revenue Act 1963, has been tasked with formulation and implementation of policy concerning indirect taxes which creates

Important Topics: Indian Textiles - Global Scenario (India and World)

Indian TextileGlobal recovery continues, but at an ever slowing and increasingly fragile pace – In 2015, the volume of world trade continued to grow slowly, recording weak but positive growth of 2.7%. Demand in global market across sectors, remains muted but amid a slowdown, India’s textile sector managed to grow approx 1% in Financial Year 2016.

Important Topics: Khadi - A Zero Carbon Footprint Industry

KhadiQuestion: The potential of Khadi as an instrument of poverty alleviation was recognised by our early planners. While the output and employment of Khadi and Village Industries have grown manifold during the last five decades, their role in the context of the new paradigm of development has been questioned. Discuss!

Important Topics: Technical Textiles - The Sunrise Industry What do you understand by Technical Textile. What are its benefits over conventional textile. Analyse the scope of technical textile in emerging as a sunrise industry.

Textiles engineered for specific end-use requirement are called Technical Textile (TT). These textiles are preferred for technical end use over plastics,

Important Topics: Growing Violence Against Women act of gender based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or mental harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life. As per the National Crime Record Bureau for the year 2014,

Important Topics: Women in Indian Freedom Struggle

Sarala Devi ChaudhuraniThe question of social reform remained alive in the nationalist debates during freedom struggle. Women’s consciousness around social and national question grew simultaneously. Both men and women were leading the social reform movements since the 1880s and among various debates ‘Personal is Political’ was the recurring theme.

Important Topics: Women’s Empowerment - The Government Perspective’s empowerment is a complex issue and it is an enabling process which will only be achieved when an improvement in the condition of women in terms of health, education, safety and security (including social security, financial security etc.) is achieved.

Important Topics: Women’s Empowerment in the Indian Context equality and women’s empowerment are essential for the development and well-being of families, communities and nations. Due to prevalence of patriarchy women have been discriminated not only in India but in most parts of the world. Violence against women is a part of the system and according to UN, one out of


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