World History

How to prepare World History for IAS

World History for Civil Services Examination

Mug up  the official syllabus first. World History does not come in Prelims, It only comes in Mains. As you can see that here we have divided whole syllabus in the different four part. (Remember we are concern about World History in this Article).

  • Modern Indian History
  • Medieval Indian History
  • Ancient Indian History (Culture, Art, Architecture, Society and Literature)
  • World History (in Mains Exam only)

What type of questions asked?

  • Related to implications of key events of world history at global level - like world wars, financial crisis of 1929 etc.
  • Evolution of key political ideologies and their impact on global politics - socialism, communism, democracy etc, differences between them, their evolution.
  • Related to key events which changed geo-political environment of world - unification of Germany, unification of Italy (role of key individuals in these events).

Important Topics: World History (Unification of Germany)

World History

(Unification of Germany)

What is the background of German Unification

Preface: Birth of newly industrialised nations (like France, Britain, Spain) in Europe which started changing the political equation in Europe.

Main Reasons:

  • Situation: Industrial Revolution of 1750 started creating new changes in polity, economy and society. Despite German states fulfilling all the conditions for industrial revolution, it was still lagging Britain, France etc.

  • Exploitation: by the neighbouring countries acted as a catalytic force to desire to be united and was hindrance for emerging capitalists, industrialists and nationalists.

  • German states were divided on lines of polity, but united on concept of German race and language.

Important Topics: World History (Unification of Italy)

World History

(Unification of Italy)

What do you mean by Italian Unification

It was a Political and Social movement, agglomerated different states of the Italian peninsula into the single state of the Kingdom of Italy in the 19th century. Began in 1815 with the Congress of Vienna and the end of Napoleonic rule. It ended in 1871 when Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy.

Reasons: Common Religions of Italy, Language: Italian (Christianity). Geographical basic is also a common reason because it was relatively isolated from entire Europe because of Alps and exploitation by Austria and France.

Important Topics: World History (French Revolution)

World History: French Revolution

Points to be discussed under French revolution

  • Preface
  • Reasons
  • Important Events
  • Evolution
  • Rise of Napoleon

American Revolution laid foundation while French Revolution constructed building of modern world (with Liberty, Equality, Fraternity). French Revolution gave inspiration to many movements like India's Struggle for Freedom 1857-1947 to rise against tyranny and misrule.


Economic Causes: Financial Crisis, Louis XV, XVI wasted state money in War (1756-1763) of False Ego and prestige against Britain like support to USA in War of Independence and politics and financial support to the enemies of East India Company. Example: Hyder Ali, Tipu Sultan, Scindia etc.

Social Crisis (developed 3 classes):

  1. First estate: Aristocracy,
  2. Second estate: Clergy and Priest,
  3. Third Estate: Common man.

First two states outrightly rejected to share the financial troubles, so burden fell on IIIrd Estate i.e. commons, which were already suffering from misrule of incompetent ruler.

How to prepare History optional for IAS

Strategy for History (Optional) Paper

Here we will be discussing History Optional Strategy to help UPSC aspirants, who will be taking or already taken History as an optional.

Why History as an Optional?

First of all whatever optional you take, you must have interest in that because you have to read this subject for the next 2-3 years. We believe that History is a scientific, objective, analytical subject. Because it is based on scientific evidences also, historical records, and based on that records you have to frame your answers and to connect the points, it is required that you have good analytical skill. Most interesting thing is that it helps in General Studies too, because its 40% syllabus is common to General Studies syllabi in the form of World History, Modern History and Art & Architecture. Historical perspective is require to analyse social issues, political issues, as well as economical issues and it also helps in writing Essay. So, this optional will help you in enriching your knowledge.

Important Topics: World History (American Civil War)

World History

(American Civil War)

War within a country

Most important movement (American war of independence) in American history for freedom and equality. It was fought for five years from 1861 to 1865 between Northern (capitalistic and anti-slavery states) and Southern states (Plantation/lands and to maintain this they needed large slave labour, so they were Pro-slavery). Federation of North states emerged as winner and slavery was abolished.
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