UPSC Mains Hindi Language/Literature Syllabus - (Paper I & Paper II)

Civil Services Mains Exam Syllabus

(Hindi Main Paper I and Paper II)

PART - Ihttp://www.iasplanner.com/civilservices/images/test-small.png


Please note that all answers must be written in Hindi.

Section-A


1.History of Hindi Language and Nagari Lipi.

  • Grammatical and applied forms of Apbhransh, Awahatta & Arambhik Hindi.
  • Development of Braj and Awadhi as literary language during medieval period.
  • Early form of Khari-boli in Siddha-Nath Sahitya, Khusero, Sant Sahitaya, Rahim etc. and Dakhni Hindi.
  • Development of Khari-boli and Nagari Lipi during 19th Century.
  • Standardisation of Hindi Bhasha & Nagari Lipi.
  • Development of Hindi as national Language during freedom movement.
  • The development of Hindi as a National Language of Union of India.
  • Scientific & Technical development of Hindi Language.
  • Prominent dialects of Hindi and their inter relationship.
  • Salient features of Nagari Lipi and the efforts for its reform & Standard form of Hindi.
  • Grammatical structure of Standard Hindi.

Section-B


2. History of Hindi Literature.

  • The relevance and importance of Hindi literature and tradition of writing History of Hindi Literature.
  • Literary trends of the following four periods of history of Hindi Literature.

A : Adikal-Sidh, Nath and Raso Sahitya.Prominent poets-Chandvardai, Khusaro, Hemchandra, Vidyapati.

B : Bhaktikal-Sant Kavyadhara, Sufi Kavyadhara, Krishna Bhaktidhara and Ram Bhaktidhara.
Prominent Poets-Kabir, Jayasi, Sur & Tulsi.

C: Ritikal-Ritikavya, Ritibaddhakavya & Riti Mukta Kavya.
Prominent Poets-Keshav, Bihari, Padmakar and Ghananand.

D : Adhunik Kal

a. Renaissance, the development of Prose, Bharatendu Mandal.

b. Prominent Writers : Bharatendu, Bal Krishna Bhatt & Pratap Narain Mishra.

c. Prominent trends of modern Hindi Poetry : Chhayavad, Pragativad, Proyogvad, Nai Kavita, Navgeet and Contemporary poetry and Janvadi Kavita.
Prominent Poets : Maithili Sharan Gupta, Prasad, Nirala, Mahadevi, Dinkar, Agyeya, Muktibodh, Nagarjun.

III. Katha Sahitya

  • Upanyas & Realism
  • The origin and development of Hindi Novels.
  • Prominent Novelists : Premchand, Jainendra, Yashpal, Renu and Bhism Sahani.
  • The origin and development of Hindi short story.
  • Prominent short Story Writers : Premchand, Prasad, Agyeya, Mohan Rakesh & Krishna Shobti.

IV. Drama & Theatre

  • The origin & Development of Hindi Drama.
  • Prominent Dramatists : Bharatendu, Prasad, Jagdish Chandra Mathur, Ram Kumar Verma, Mohan Rakesh.
  • The development of Hindi Theature.

V. Criticism

  • The origin and development of Hindi criticism : Saiddhantik, Vyavharik, Pragativadi, Manovishleshanvadi & Nai Alochana.
  • Prominent critics : Ramchandra Shukla, Hajari Prasad Dwivedi, Ram Vilas Sharma & Nagendra.

VI. The other forms of Hindi prose-Lalit Nibandh, Rekhachitra, Sansmaran, Yatra-vrittant.

PART - II


This examination paper will require first hand reading of prescribed texts and will test the critical ability of the candidates.

Section-A


  • Kabir : Kabir Granthawali, Ed, Shyam Sundar Das (First hundred Sakhis.)
  • Surdas : Bhramar Gitsar, Ed. Ramchandra Shukla (First hundred Padas)
  • Tulsidas : Ramchrit Manas (Sundar Kand) Kavitawali (Uttar Kand).
  • Jayasi : Padmawat Ed. Shyam Sundar Das (Sinhal Dwip Khand & Nagmativiyog Khand)
  • Bihari : Bihari Ratnakar Ed. Jagnnath Prasad Ratnakar (First 100 Dohas)
  • Maithili Sharan Gupta : Bharat Bharati
  • Prasad : Kamayani (Chinta and Sharddha Sarg)
  • Nirala : Rag-Virag, Ed. Ram Vilas Sharma (Ram Ki Shakti Puja & Kukurmutta).
  • Dinkar : Kurushetra
  • Agyeya : Angan Ke Par Dwar (Asadhya Vina)
  • Muktiboth : Brahma Rakshas
  • Nagarjun : Badal Ko Ghirte Dekha Hai, Akal Ke Bad, Harijan Gatha.

Section-B


  • Bharatendu : Bharat Durdasha
  • Mohan Rakesh : Ashad Ka Ek Din
  • Ramchandra Shukla : Chintamani (Part I)
    (Kavita Kya Hai] Shraddha Aur Bhakti)
  • Dr. Satyendra : Nibandh Nilaya-Bal Krishna Bhatt, Premchand, Gulab Rai, Hajari Prasad Dwivedi, Ram Vilas Sharma, Agyeya, Kuber Nath Rai.
  • Premchand : Godan, Premchand ki Sarvashreshtha Kahaniyan, Ed. Amrit Rai, Manjusha - Premchand ki Sarvashreshtha Kahaniyan, Ed. Amrit Rai
  • Prasad : Skandgupta
  • Yashpal : Divya
  • Phaniswar Nath Renu : Maila Anchal
  • Mannu Bhandari : Mahabhoj
  • Rajendra Yadav : Ek Dunia Samanantar (All Stories)

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