Science & Technology

Important Topics: Biological Disasters - Causes and Way Forward


Biological DisasterBiological disaster is defined as, “the devastating effects caused by an enormous spread of a certain kind of living organism that may spread a disease, viruses or infestation of plant, animal or insect life on an epidemic or pandemic level”.

Important Topics: Chemical Disaster: Prevention & Response

Introduction Indian chemical industry contributes 2.11% to country's GDP. Between 2000 and 2015, the Indian chemical industry witnessed foreign direct investment worth 10.49 billion US dollars. This industry is expected to grow at 11% per annum to US$ 154bn by 2020. However, major chemical disaster disrupts its growth and

Important Topics: Science & Techology For Make In India

Introduction sector contributed only 17% to India's GDP in 2013. So the government is trying to push for revival in this sector through 'Make in India' 2015 and 'start up India – 2016' which could usher a new lease of life in this sector.

Important Topics: Space Based Platform For Common Man


The Indian space programme started 20 years late than developed countries but today it has emerged as one among the six leading space facing nations by achieving self-reliance in technologies for building powerful rockets, satellites for earth observation of communication etc.

Important Topics: Science For Development - Strengthening The Science & Technology Road Map

  • The Department of Science & Technology, Government of India, serves as the nodel agency for all government led initiatives that create and strengthen the science & technology in our country.
  • The DST accordingly co-ordinates with several other department,

What is a Cryogenic Engine?

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

Significance in Space Programme

Cryogenic means low temperature. It refers to technology of sub zero temperatures and cryogenic engines use liquid oxygen as the oxidizer and liquid hydrogen as the fuel. Oxygen can be kept in liquid state below – 183°

Explain the Components of Robots

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

Components of Robots

Kinematic Chain (similar to the skeleton of human body) is the structure of a robot and is mostly mechanical. It is formed of links (its bones), actuators (its muscles) and joints which can allow one or more degrees of freedom.

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