disaster is defined as, “the devastating effects caused by an enormous spread of
a certain kind of living organism that may spread a disease, viruses or
infestation of plant, animal or insect life on an epidemic or pandemic level”.
Indian chemical industry contributes 2.11% to country's GDP. Between 2000 and
2015, the Indian chemical industry witnessed foreign direct investment worth
10.49 billion US dollars. This industry is expected to grow at 11% per annum to
US$ 154bn by 2020. However, major chemical disaster disrupts its growth and
sector contributed only 17% to India's GDP in 2013. So the government is trying
to push for revival in this sector through 'Make in India' 2015 and 'start up
India – 2016' which could usher a new lease of life in this sector.
The Indian space programme started 20 years late than developed countries but
today it has emerged as one among the six leading space facing nations by
achieving self-reliance in technologies for building powerful rockets,
satellites for earth observation of communication etc.
Cryogenic means low temperature. It refers to technology of
sub zero temperatures and cryogenic engines use liquid oxygen as the oxidizer
and liquid hydrogen as the fuel. Oxygen can be kept in liquid state below – 183°
Kinematic Chain (similar to the skeleton of human body) is the structure of a
robot and is mostly mechanical. It is formed of links (its bones), actuators
(its muscles) and joints which can allow one or more degrees of freedom.