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Geography

How to prepare Geography optional for IAS

Strategy for Geography (Optional) Paper

Topper says that the only principle or reason you should take optional is the INTEREST in that particular subject. Because without any interest, there won't be any enthusiasm and without enthusiasm you won't be motivated to study in long run, so choose optional wisely.

How to write answer for Geography optional?

Answers should be crisp, concise and to the point. Follow researched answer writing order "Introduction, Main Body & Conclusion". Underline the important word/phrase, and make a thumb rule that one diagram for every 10 marks or with 3-4 paragraph questions answers. Draw diagrams with pencil and label in black pen (you must write number and name of the diagram with black pen).

Comparative Analysis of Civil Services Prelim Paper - I (GS - Geography and Environment)

Analysing Civil Services Prelims Exam
UPSC In-depth Question Analysis - General Studies (Pre)


Subject Year - 2011 Year - 2012 Year - 1013
Questions from Science & Technology 22 11 19
Questions from Geography + Environmental 24 24 26
Questions from Economics 18 13 19
Questions from Polity 11 16 16
Questions from History + Art and Culture 13 21 16
Questions from Miscellaneous 7 8 4
Questions from International Relation 5 1 0

Geography and Environment

That is the most important area and this is where you should focus with right approach as far as Geography & Environment is concern. Because 25% (almost 1/4th) of the questions are coming and even more than that approx 30% of the questions you can expect from this section.

IAS General Studies Test Series - 2013 (Geography & Current Affairs) : PART - 2

IAS General Studies Test Series - 2013

GEOGRAPHY & CURRENT AFFAIRS
(PART - 2)

Consider the following statements:
(1) All western coasts of the temperate zone receive Westerlies throughout the year.
(2) The occurrence of frequent Chinooks means winter is mild. 
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Consider the following statements:
(1) where the coasts are extremely mountainous the continental shelves are relatively very wide.
(2) Abyssal Plains are in general featureless.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Into which two Ocean currents does the south Equatorial current split at Cape Sao Roque?
(a) Canaries and Florida
(b) Florida and Cayenne
(c) Canaries and Brazilian
(d) Cayenne and Brazilian

Which of the following does not directly relate to the winds?
(a) Anemometer
(b) Beaufort scale
(c) Weather cock
(d) Stevenson screen

Consider the following statements with respect to Hygrometer:
(1) A large difference between dry and wet bulb readings indicate a low relative humidity.
(2) When dry and wet bulb readings are same relative humidity is 100%.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Which of the following ranges represent Alpine orogeny?
(1) Himalayas
(2) Andes
(3) Rockies
Select the correct answer from the codes given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

With which of the following, the use of the term Octa is related?
(a) Relative humidity
(b) Wind direction
(c) Wind speed
(d) Cloud cover

IAS General Studies Test Series - 2013 (Geography & Current Affairs) : PART - 1

IAS General Studies Test Series - 2013

GEOGRAPHY & CURRENT AFFAIRS
(PART - 1)

Which of the following rivers drain the Malwa uplands
(a) Ken
(b) Kalisindh
(c) Parbati
(d) Betwa

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
(a) 3 and 4 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 2 only
(d) All the above

Which of the following islands has been referred to as “Mini Continent”?
(a) Greenland
(b) Madagascar
(c) Australia
(d) Borneo

Which is the only South American country with coastlines on both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea?
(a) Guyana
(b) Ecuador
(c) Colombia
(d) Venezuela

Which of the following countries generates nearly 80% of its electricity though nuclear power?
(a) U.S.A
(B) France
(c) Sweden
(d) Belgium

Which of the following fall partially within the Arctic Circle?
(a) Finland
(b) Norway
(c) Russia
(d) Sweden

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
(1) 2, 3 and 4 only
(2) 1, 2 and 3 only
(3) 1, 2, 3 and 4 only
(4) 2 and 3 only

The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) functions under which of the following?
(a) Ministry of Science and Technology
(b) Department of Space
(c) Ministry of Agriculture
(d) Ministry of Earth Science

Consider the following statements:
(1) Water reaches its maximum density at 4’C.
(2) Water at 4’C sinks below water that is either warmer or colder.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Which of the following is India’s research station at the Svalbard region of the Arctic?
(a) Bharati
(b) Himadari
(c) Shiwalik
(d) Himachal

IAS General Studies Test Series - 2013 (Geography & Indian Polity) : PART - 2

IAS General Studies Test Series - 2013

GEOGRAPHY & INDIAN POLITY
(PART - 2)

Which of the following statements relating to the Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha are correct?
(1) The Leader of the largest party in the Opposition in the Lok Sabha having strength of not less than one-tenth of the total membership of the Lok Sabha is recognized by the President as the Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha.
(2) He enjoys the status equivalent to that of a cabinet Minister.
(3) He enjoys only statutory but not Constitutional recognition in the Lok Sabha.
(4) He is consulted by the Union Government while appointing the Central Vigilance Commissioner.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 1, 3 and 4 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Match List-l with List-ll select the correct answer from the codes given below:


 
List-l
(Constitution Amendment Bill)

 
List-II
(Description)
A. Constitution (115th Amendment )Bill 1. Insertion of Article 371J
B. Constitution(116th Amendment Bill) 2. Goods and Services Tax
C. Constitution (117th Amendment Bill) 3. Constitutional status to Lokpal
D. Constitution (118th Amendment Bill) 4. Reservation in Promotions

Codes
A B C D
(a) 1 2 3 4
(b) 2 3 4 1
(c) 2 4 3 1
(d) 1 3 2 4

IAS General Studies Test Series - 2013 (Indian Polity & Geography) : PART - 1

IAS General Studies Test Series - 2013

GEOGRAPHY & INDIAN POLITY
(PART - 1)

Which of the following bodies has unanimously recommended that the Director of the Central Bureau of Investigation shall be appointed by a collegium headed by the Prime Minister, the Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha and the chief Justice of India as its members?
(a) Central Vigilance Commission Rajya Sabha Select Committee
(b) Rajya Sabha Select Committee
(c) Joint Parliamentary Committee
(d) Lok Sabha Select Committee

Which of the following provisions seek to achieve the ideal of “Fraternity” as mentioned in the Preamble to the Indian Constitution?
(1) By following the Fundamental Duties
(2) By allowing Dual Citizenship to NRIs
(3) Pursuing the ideals of a ‘Secular’ State
(4) Single Citizenship
(5) By following the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,1948

Select the correct answer from teh codes given below:
(a) 1, 3and 5 only
(b) 1, 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 3, 4 and 5 only
(d) 1 and 4 only

Which of the following statements about Departmental Standing Committees in the Parliament is correct?
(1) Each Departmental Standing Committees consists of members elected by proportionl representation from each House of the Parliament
(2) Together, they cover all the ministries of departments of the government
(3) They examine demands for grants of the concerned department or ministry and suggest cut motions
(4) Their recommendation is only advisory in nature

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1, 2 and 4 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) 3 only

The decision of the Supreme Court in the UP Power Corporation Ltd. Vs. Rajesh Kumar 2012 case, relating to constitutionality of reservation in promotion in favour of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in public employment, is based on which of the following cases?
(a) Indra Sawhney vs. Union of India 1992
(b) M. Nagaraj vs. Union of India2006
(c) Jasbir Rani vs. State of Punjab 2002
(d) None of the above

Match List-l with List-ll and select the correct answer from the codes given below:


 

List-l
(Type of jurisdiction of the Supreme Court)


 

List-ll
(Article)

A. Original Jurisdiction 1. Article 131
B. Revisory jurisdiction 2. Article 136
C. Appellate Jurisdiction 3. Article137
D. Advisory Jurisdiction 4. Article 143