Civil Services Main

Civil Services Main Examination

हिंदी में आईएएस पाठ्यक्रम: यूपीएससी मुख्य परीक्षा

आईएएस मेंस एग्जाम सिलेबस

यूपीएससी मुख्य परीक्षा का उद्देश्य अभ्यर्थियों के शैक्षिक कौशल और उनकी क्षमता को उनके ज्ञान को एक सटीक और उचित तरीके से बताए जाने का आकलन करना है। मुख्य परीक्षा में उनकी जानकारी और स्मृति की जगह उनके सामान्य बौद्धिक व्यक्तित्व और उम्मीदवारों की समझ की गहराई का विश्लेषण करना है।

यूपीएससी ने 2017 सिविल सेवा परीक्षा के लिए तारीख की घोषणा की है। इस वर्ष की प्रारंभिक परीक्षा 18 जून 2017 को आयोजित की जाएगी और मुख्य परीक्षा 28 अक्टूबर 2017 को होगी। पाठ्यक्रम में कोई बदलाव नहीं है। मुख्य परीक्षा मौजूदा पाठ्य-सूची के साथ नौ पत्रों के साथ जारी रहेगी।

आईएएस मुख्य परीक्षा पाठ्यक्रम: जीव विज्ञान (वैकल्पिक विषय)

आईएएस मेन एग्जाम सिलेबस

जीव विज्ञान (वैकल्पिक विषय)

 

पेपर - I


Non-Chordata और Chordata

(A) उप-वर्गीकरणों तक वर्गीकरण और विभिन्न फ़ाइलाओं का संबंध: एकोलोमेट और कोलोमेट, प्रोटोटोम्स और ड्यूटोरोस्टोम्स, बिलेटिया और रेडियेट; प्रोटिस्टा, पैराोजोआ, ओनिकॉफ़ोरा और हेमिक्र्डटा की स्थिति; सममिति
(B) प्रोटोजोआ: लोकोमोशन, पोषण, प्रजनन, लिंग; सामान्य सुविधाओं और पैरामाइअम, मोनोसिस्टिस, प्लॉस्डियम और लीशमैनिया का जीवन इतिहास।
(C) पोरिफेरा: कंकाल, नहर प्रणाली और प्रजनन।
(D) सीनिडारिया: बहुरूपता, रक्षात्मक संरचनाएं और उनके तंत्र; प्रवाल भित्तियों और उनके गठन; मेटाजेनेसिस; सामान्य सुविधाओं और Obelia और ऑरलिया के जीवन का इतिहास
(E) प्लेटिहेल्मंट्स: परजीवी अनुकूलन; सामान्य लक्षण और फ़ैसियोला और तैनिया के जीवन इतिहास और उनके रोगजनक लक्षण

आईएएस मुख्य परीक्षा पाठ्यक्रम: लोक प्रशासन (वैकल्पिक विषय)

आईएएस मेन एग्जाम सिलेबस

लोक प्रशासन (वैकल्पिक विषय)

 

पेपर - I


प्रशासनिक सिद्धांत

परिचय: लोक प्रशासन का अर्थ, दायरा और महत्व; लोक प्रशासन की विल्सन की दृष्टि; अनुशासन का विकास और इसकी वर्तमान स्थिति; नया लोक प्रशासन; सार्वजनिक विकल्प दृष्टिकोण; उदारीकरण, निजीकरण, वैश्वीकरण की चुनौतियां; सुशासन: अवधारणा और अनुप्रयोग; नया सार्वजनिक प्रबंधन।

प्रशासनिक विचार: वैज्ञानिक प्रबंधन और वैज्ञानिक प्रबंधन आंदोलन; शास्त्रीय सिद्धांत; वेबर के नौकरशाही मॉडल - इसकी आलोचना और पोस्ट-वेबरियन विकास; गतिशील प्रशासन (मैरी पार्कर फोल्लेट); मानव
रिलेशंस स्कूल (एल्टन मेयो और अन्य); कार्यकारी (सी। आई। बर्नार्ड) के कार्य; साइमन के निर्णय लेने वाले सिद्धांत; साझेदारी प्रबंधन (आर। लिकर्ट, सी। अरगीरिस, डी। मैकग्रेगर)।

आईएएस मुख्य परीक्षा पाठ्यक्रम: भौतिक विज्ञान (वैकल्पिक विषय)

आईएएस परीक्षा पाठ्यक्रम

भौतिक विज्ञान (वैकल्पिक विषय)

 

पेपर - I


(क) कणों की यांत्रिकी: गति के नियम; ऊर्जा और गति का संरक्षण, घूर्णन फ्रेम, केन्द्रापसारक और कोरिओलिस त्वरण के लिए आवेदन; एक केंद्रीय बल के तहत गति; कोण गति का संरक्षण, केपलर के कानून; फ़ील्ड और क्षमताएं; गुरुत्वाकर्षण क्षेत्र और गोलाकार निकायों, गॉस और पॉसॉन समीकरणों के कारण संभावित, गुरुत्वाकर्षण आत्म-ऊर्जा; दो-शरीर की समस्या; कम द्रव्यमान; रदरफोर्ड बिखरने; द्रव्यमान और प्रयोगशाला संदर्भ केंद्र फ्रेम

(बी) कठोर निकायों की यांत्रिकी: कणों की प्रणाली; द्रव्यमान का केंद्र, कोणीय गति, गति के समीकरण; ऊर्जा, गति और कोणीय गति के लिए संरक्षण प्रमेयों; लोचदार और असहनीय टक्कर; कठोर शरीर; स्वतंत्रता की डिग्री, यूलर के प्रमेय, कोणीय वेग, कोणीय गति, जड़ता के क्षण, समानांतर और सीधा अक्ष के प्रमेय, रोटेशन के लिए गति का समीकरण; आणविक रोटेशन (कठोर निकायों के रूप में); डी और त्रि-परमाणु अणुओं; प्रेरक गति; शीर्ष, जीरोस्कोप

How to Read NCERT books for IAS Exam

How to study NCERT books for Civil Service Preparation


Why Read NCERT?

Why we should read NCERT books, this is the question which we will be dealing in this article. Well, if I talk on this question definitely I can say that NCERT books are those books which forms the basic of you knowledge on any subject.

How to study NCERT?


http://www.iasplanner.com/civilservices/images/NCERT_logo.pngPublished by Government, Research and Workshops, study material prepared by renowned professors from JNU, DU, HU and other Central Universities etc. Class VI to XII provides sound footing and integrative foundation for Civil service exam whether you sincerely studied it in School time or not just start it now and it will not take much time to understand the concepts and basics at this level. UPSC consider NCERT books as a standard that is followed because, NCERT books are available both in Hindi Medium as well as in English Medium across the country in Rural and Urban areas, accessible to all selections of society. Most of the toppers and successful candidates follow NCERT books for their Preliminary as well s Mains exam preparation and they recommend for it.

How to choose optional subjects for civil services exam

Selecting Right Optional Subject for Civil Services Exam

http://www.iasplanner.com/civilservices/images/choose-optional.pngThrough this article, I would like to interact with Civil Services Aspirants about the strategy for the IAS examination.

Friends, the foremost important thing is the duration of preparing this examination, Ideally the time to start the preparation is 10-12 months before the exam.
Selecting optional subject is most important part of the civil services examination which most of the candidates ignore. Generally, "A college student asks whether I should start preparing when I am studying in college itself."

Actually; I would suggest them that "Have Civil Services in back of your mind and just start preparing from Daily important news from various news papers like The Hindu, Indian Express, Economic Times, related magazines like Yojana, Kurukshetra, Frontline for in-depth analysis of current issues and events in India & World,  and think about selecting your Optional Subject". Optional subjects are those which you have to study for couple of years during your preparation for this exam. So, if you don't like the optional subjects, or if you have selected the subject only for scoring purpose, you won't be comfortable in studying them.

आईएएस मुख्य परीक्षा पाठ्यक्रम: कृषि (वैकल्पिक विषय)

आईएएस परीक्षा पाठ्यक्रम

कृषि (वैकल्पिक विषय)

यह सिलेबस  सिविल सेवा मुख्य परीक्षा के एग्रीकल्चर  (वैकल्पिक विषय) का है और इसमें 2 पेपर शामिल हैं। 500 अंकों के साथ प्रत्येक पेपर 250 अंकों का है।

पेपर - I


http://www.iasplanner.com/civilservices/images/Agriculture.pngपारिस्थितिकी और मनुष्य, प्राकृतिक संसाधनों, उनके स्थायी प्रबंधन और संरक्षण के लिए इसकी प्रासंगिकता। फसल वितरण और उत्पादन के कारकों के रूप में शारीरिक और सामाजिक वातावरण। कृषि पारिस्थितिकी; वातावरण के संकेतक के रूप में फसल का पैटर्न पर्यावरण प्रदूषण और फसलों, जानवरों और मनुष्यों के लिए संबंधित खतरों जलवायु परिवर्तन - अंतर्राष्ट्रीय सम्मेलनों और वैश्विक पहल ग्रीन हाउस प्रभाव और ग्लोबल वार्मिंग पारिस्थितिक तंत्र विश्लेषण के लिए अग्रिम उपकरण - रिमोट सेंसिंग (आरएस) और भौगोलिक सूचना प्रणाली (जीआईएस)।

सिविल सेवा परीक्षा के लिए उपयोगी हिंदी समाचार पत्र।

The Hindu Newspaper

Best Hindi Newspapers for IAS Exam


यह अर्टिकल सभी आईएएस उम्मीदवारों के लिए उपयोगी होगा जो कि हिंदी माध्यम में सिविल सेवाओं की परीक्षा मे भाग लेंगे। इस पोस्ट में हम आपको आईएएस / आईपीएस / आईआरएस / आईएफएस-यूपीएससी सिविल सर्विस परीक्षा की तैयारी के लिए सर्वश्रेष्ठ हिंदी समाचार पत्रों के बारे में बतायेंगे और ये हिंदी अखबार आपको आपकी आईएएस परीक्षा की तैयारी अवश्य में मदद करेंगे।

तथ्य यह है कि हिंदी माध्यम के उम्मीदवारों के लिए आपको शायद ही कोई हिंदी अखबार मिलेगा जो द हिंदू अखबार के मानक और गुणवत्ता से मेल खा सकता है। हालांकि, इसका मतलब यह नहीं है कि आप आईएएस में अंग्रेजी माध्यम के उम्मीदवारों से पीछे कहीं हैं। यह कह कर हमारा सिर्फ़ यह मतलब है कि बाजार में ऐसा कोई अख़बार नहीं है जो आपको ’द हिंदु’ जैसी सभी जगहों से जुडी सभी महत्वपूर्ण खबर देगा। आईएएस परीक्षा तैयार करने के लिए आपको दो से अधिक हिंदी अखबारों को पढ़ना होगा। इसलिए मौजूदा मामलों की बात करते समय यह हिंदी माध्यम के छात्रों के लिए थोड़ा थकाऊ है। सभी हिंदी समाचार पत्रों में सबसे सनसनीखेज सुर्खियां आसानी मिलेंगी लेकिन यदि हम यूपीएससी के मापदण्डों की बात करें तो यह बिल्कुल अलग है।

यूपीएससी में आपसे सीधे सवाल नहीं पूंछे जाते बल्कि वे आपसे कुछ भी पूंछ सकते हैं, और इसलिये आप अख़बार की सारी खबरें पढ़ने का पढ़ने का जोखिम नहीं उठा सकते हैं। यूपीएससी की परीक्षा के दृष्टिकोण से हिंदी अखबारों में संबंधित अध्ययन सामग्री का बहुत सीमित स्थान है और वह इसलिए है क्योंकि वे केवल उन समाचारों को प्रकाशित करते हैं जो उनके लिये उपयोगी अथवा संबंधित प्राप्त होते हैं। यही कारण है कि विभिन्न स्रोतों से समाचार एकत्रित करने काम आपका है और हम आपको बताएंगे कि कैसे।

नीचे कुछ अच्छे सूचीबद्ध हिंदी समाचार पत्र हैं जिन्हें आपको आईएएस तैयारी के लिए पढ़ना चाहिए। ये हिंदी अखबार सामान्य अध्ययन Prelims Paper- 1 and Main Paper 2 & 3 की तैयारी में आपकी मदद करेंगे।

How to prepare World History for IAS

World History for Civil Services Examination

Mug up  the official syllabus first. World History does not come in Prelims, It only comes in Mains. As you can see that here we have divided whole syllabus in the different four part. (Remember we are concern about World History in this Article).

  • Modern Indian History
  • Medieval Indian History
  • Ancient Indian History (Culture, Art, Architecture, Society and Literature)
  • World History (in Mains Exam only)

What type of questions asked?


  • Related to implications of key events of world history at global level - like world wars, financial crisis of 1929 etc.
  • Evolution of key political ideologies and their impact on global politics - socialism, communism, democracy etc, differences between them, their evolution.
  • Related to key events which changed geo-political environment of world - unification of Germany, unification of Italy (role of key individuals in these events).

How to choose important topics from a newspaper for IAS

Strategy to read newspapers for IAS exam preparation


The HinduIn our previous articles we have already discussed the importance and approach of reading newspapers for the civil services examination. We all know that it is a required task and in this article we will learn that how to read newspapers to get the best out of it. Preferably one should finish the newspaper in 2 hours including making notes and current affairs.

Most Common Questions About UPSC Exam

http://iasplanner.com/e-learning/images/upsc-banner.jpg

Most Common Doubts Regarding UPSC Exam


When is the Examination Notice Issued?

  • UPSC Examination Notices encapsulate the Rules of Examinations notified by the Government. Examination Notices of all the 14 Examinations are uploaded on the Commission’s website around 3 months before the date of examination. Examination Notices for direct recruitment examinations are also published in the Employment News/Rozgar Samachar. The tentative dates of notification of Examinations for a year are also made available on UPSC’s website in July of the previous year.

What is UPSC’s annual calendar?

  • UPSC publishes an Annual Calendar of all the Structured Examinations conducted by it at least 6 months in advance. The date of issue of Examination Notice is also mentioned in the Annual Calendar.

How to apply for Examinations conducted by UPSC?

  • Candidates can apply online for UPSC conducted Examinations by accessing the online portal hosted on the UPSC’s website.

How much time is given to the candidates for applying online?

  • A candidate gets 3 weeks to 1 month time to apply online and can fill up the online application by following the instructions provided on the website for filling up online applications.

What happens if a candidate submits multiple online applications?

  • While a candidate should avoid submitting more than one online application, in case of doing so, the data provided in the last application that is successfully submitted online is accepted by the Commission. All previous applications are ignored.

When should I apply if I choose to pay by Bank Challan?

  • The closing date of submission of online application is clearly mentioned in the Examination Notice. Candidates who make payments through Bank Challan are required to submit online application at least a day
    before the notified closing date so that they can make the payment required, if any, on time.

Who can be exempted from payment of Examination fee?

  • For all the examinations conducted by the Commission, Female candidates, candidates with Disabilities and candidates belonging to the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe categories are exempted from payment of Examination fee.

What is ‘Fictitious Payment’?

  • Those payments mentioned by the candidates in their online application, which are not authenticated by the State Bank of India, i.e. the designated bank managing the entire payment module (including managing the payment gateway), are called fictitious payments.

How does the Commission resolve fictitious payments made by me?

  • The applicants, whose payments are marked fictitious, are intimated through e-mail to submit physical proof of payment to the Commission. These applicants are required to submit the proof within 10 days, from the date of such communication, either by hand or by speed post to the Commission. In case, no response is received from the applicants, their applications are summarily rejected and no further correspondence is entertained in this regard.

यूपीएससी: आईएएस सामान्य अध्ययन सिलेबस (परीक्षा पाठ्यक्रम)

भारतीय प्रशासनिक सेवा
(यूपीएससी आईएएस सिलेबस)

http://iasplanner.com/e-learning/images/upsc-banner.jpg

सामान्य अध्ययन प्रारंभिक परीक्षा (Prelims Exam)


विषयों की सूची:

  • राष्ट्रीय और अंतर्रराष्ट्रीय महत्व की सामयिक घटनाएं.
  • भारत का इतिहास और भारतीय राष्ट्रीय आन्दोलन.
  • भारत एवं विश्व भूगोल – भारत एवं विश्व का प्राकृतिक, सामाजिक, आर्थिक भूगोल
  • भारतीय राज्यतन्त्र और शासन – संविधान, राजनैतिक प्रणाली, पंचायती राज, लोक नीति, अधिकारों संबंधी मुद्दे, आदि।
  • आर्थिक और सामाजिक विकास – सतत वकास, गरीबी, समावेशन, जनसांख्यिकी, सामाजिक क्षेत्र में की गई पहल आदि।
  • पर्यावरणीय पारिस्थितिकी जैव-विविधता और मौसम परिवर्तन संबंधी सामान्य मुद्दे, जिनके लिए विषयगत विशेषज्ञता आवश्यक नहीं है।
  • एवं सामान्य विज्ञान

मौलिक अधिकार क्या हैं | Lecture on Fundamental Rights in Hindi

मौलिक अधिकारों का अर्थ

मौलिक अधिकार उन अधिकारों को कहा जाता है जो व्यक्ति के जीवन के लिये मौलिक होने के कारण संविधान द्वारा नागरिकों को प्रदान किये जाते हैं और जिनमें राज्य द्वार हस्तक्षेप नही किया जा सकता। ये ऐसे अधिकार हैं जो व्यक्ति के व्यक्तित्व के पूर्ण विकास के लिये आवश्यक हैं और जिनके बिना मनुष्य अपना पूर्ण विकास नही कर सकता। ये अधिकार कई करणों से मौलिक हैं:-

UPSC Exam Syllabus for IAS Prelims & Mains

Introduction


http://www.iasplanner.com/civilservices/images/Guidelines.jpgDear Aspirants,

Indian Administrative Services (IAS) Exam is one of the most toughest and prestigious examinations in India conducted by UPSC. Hence to win this race that gives a chance to get most eminent position offered by Government.

Here we are providing complete list of subjects/topics for Civil Services Exams syllabus as per the UPSC. Remember that a comprehensive look throughout the syllabus is mandatory in especially for those candidates who are appearing in this examination for the first time.

A Brief introduction to Civil Services Exam

About Civil Services Exam

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  • Eligibility Criteria: The candidate should be 21 years of age and should have graduated in any discipline from a recognized university. Students in their final year of graduation can also apply.

  • Applying for the Exam: The candidate should log on to www.upsconline.nic.in and follow the instructions given on the website.

  • E-Admit Card: Candidates have to download the e-admit card from the website www.upsc.gov.in. The admit cards can be downloaded three weeks before the examination.

How to prepare Current Affairs

Current Affairs

Current Events/Affairs has become a very prominent component and its role in Civil services examination. In exams many questions are asked from this section, so prepare thoroughly. Because your efforts will be useful for you in all stages of the competition and make it a part of your daily routine.

Current Events

Make an aerial view of Newspaper by making Political Administrative, Socio-Cultural, Economic, Technical, Geographical News. Set the Newspapers in their dates sequence from Sunday to Sunday. On Sunday start reading the newspapers in reverse direction i.e., from 20th of January to 12th of january in order to filter important & exam oriented  news within that time frame.

How to score good marks in civil services exam

Useful Tips: Successful Scoring in IAS Exam

Today I want to share some of the strategies that might help you to score well in civil services exam. When you enter this UPSC examination and decided that this is your goal. First, lot of us will think that this is very hard! But with hard work, which is intelligently done, you can clear this exam very easily.

As you know that this exam is conducted in three stages. First come the prelims exam which is written by more than 5 lakhs people from across the country. So this exam is very exhaustive and it is mainly a screening exam.

Understanding the Exam process and preparation

So, basically if you see in this exam, every question you have got has four options and you have to select the right option. So more than choosing the right option in this stage, mainly consist of eliminating the wrong answers. So in this way you will be able to get a clear picture. Since UPSC has introduced negative marking, it is better to leave the completely unknown questions and mainly concentrate first on the questions that you know thoroughly, then the questions which you are having some basic guidelines. So this is the basic technique that we have to follow in the Prelims exam.

Other than that "How to prepare for the prelims exam". This is a exhaustive study level exam. Before preparing exhaustively, I will recommend that you study the basic books first thoroughly and then you can go for other books. So what happens is once you read the basic notes thoroughly, you get the basic understanding of the subject. And when you read the other books, you will get the added information.

How to prepare Science & Technology for IAS Exam

Science & Technology for Civil Services Prelims and Mains Examination

Importance in Exam Point of View

Science and Technology in years have grown in relevance and has groomed a great width in its dynamics in the civil services examination. The role that general science plays in day to day life and hence with the development of the system has been marked majorly in both the pattern of UPSC Civil services exams that is prelims and mains. Thus, science and technology and general science have developed as a core prospect in the success story of the aspirants.

How to crack civil services exam in first attempt

How to Clear IAS in 1 Year

The First Attempt


The first attempt of the candidate is a very crucial one and that is the attempt in which we can give the attempt with the full fire. So you should not waste this opportunity for just a sake of writing the Preliminary examination. Many can clear the Preliminary exam in just sake of writing but you can not be done with the Mains examination. Let us explain that what advantage you have in first attempt is the thought about the civil services examination and how you approach to the preparation is desired by whom you approach to get the advice. Whether it is the successful candidates or those who are at to succeed. Successful candidates can give you the positive approach, they would have had some fallbacks and how they rectified them. They will help you to focus in preparation with a positive way.

But if you go for some candidates who have not succeeded, they might give you some negative thoughts about the examination that you have to study too much to cover the vast areas of study and course etc.

नये छात्र आईएएस परीक्षा की तैयारी कैसे करें। (Prepare IAS Exam During Graduation)

आईएएस परीक्षा की तैयारी कैसे करें।

Process, Pattern and Strategy to crack IAS Preयह तो हम सभी जानते हैं कि संघ लोक सेवा आयोग (यू०पी०एस०सी०) सिविल सेवा परीक्षा आयोजित कराता है, और यह देश की एक कठिन व प्रतिष्ठित परीक्षा है। फिर भी लाखों युवा छात्र देश के कोने-कोने से इस परीक्षा की तैयारी करते हैं और एक आई०ए०एस० अफसर बनने का सपना देखते हैं। यदि हम इस परीक्षा की प्रक्रिया व प्रकृति को देखें तो हम पायेंगे कि इस परीक्षा में सफलता पाने के लिये हमें चाहिये कि हम एक सटीक रणनीति और व्यवस्था के साथ तैयारी करें। सामान्यत: एक अभ्यर्थी यदि इस परीक्षा की तैयारी स्नातक स्तर से ही शुरू कर दें तो यह भी संभव है कि इस सेवा में जाने की संभावना कई गुना बढ़ जाती है, और अभ्यार्थी सफलता पूर्वक इस प्रतिष्ठित सेवा में अपना भविष्य निर्धारित कर सकते हैं ।

How to fill DAF for UPSC Exam

UPSC

 Guidelines to Fill Detailed Application Form

Qualified Candidates in written part of the Examinations/Preliminary Examinations are required to fill the Online DAF
Aspirants are advised to read properly Rules of the Examinations before proceeding, which include conditions of eligibility etc. as published by UPSC (DAF) for Examinations.

How to prepare Economics for IAS

Strategy for Preparing Economics

(Part - 1)

This is the basic introduction of Economics like what are the sources of economics, relative books, newspapers, magazines and what are the topics to be covered and the basic general approach etc. Economics is literally the toughest nut to crack for majority of IAS aspirants in both IAS Prelims and Mains. Many aspirants search for a ultimate book for this but that does not exist in economics and you need multiple sources to prepare, because it is a huge course. Few phases are analytical and technical including the use of mathematics, graphs, equations, numbers etc (but these are hard theory of economics and we usually don't delve into that with that much of details.) You have to emphasis a lot on concepts and current affairs and very less on actual facts.

How to write answers in civil services mains

Answer Writing Strategy for Mains Exam

In this article we will discuss and learn with various terminologies which are used in questions by UPSC especially in the Mains examination like Discuss, Elaborate, and Enumerate etc.

Before we move into the topic we would like to suggest aspirants that "Do not leave your answer sheet blank even if you don't know the exact meaning of the world or exactly what question is asking, you should write something". Even if you don't know about the terminologies like what is mean by 'elaboration' than also you should write something in the answer. Because there is a very high overlap between various terms like discuss, analyze, expand or substantiate etc. More or less, there is a very high overlap so, answer will not be very different, and the same content remains.

How to prepare Law optional for IAS

Strategy for Law (Optional) Paper

Mentor says that the only reason you should take any optional is your interest in that and without interest, you won't be able to prepare for the same.

Role of Coaching


It can be of immense help if you don't have basic understanding and approach for the optional you have opted. You should relied with coaching notes and strategy because it can streamline your preparation. It provides you writing skills and study management to save your time from studying too much and what all is not required for the preparation. With the guidance of teachers you will be able to do smart work and crack the exam without undue hustle and pressure.

Indian Polity and Constitution - (Introduction)

Indian Polity: Introduction

(For Prelims & Mains)

Syllabus of Examination


  • CSE Prelims: Indian Polity and Governance, Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy and Right Issues.

  • CSE Mains: Paper III (GS Paper - 2): It includes Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice, International Relations.

Note: We have already suggested in our previous related articles that aspirants must read the entire syllabus first before appearing in this examination. Because it is too large and we can't put it here and you can get it from UPSC's official website which is available for free.

Breakdown of Constitutional Machinery and its effects

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answer

To ensure that the government of every state is carried on in accordance with the provisions of the constitution (Article 355) is a duty of the Union. So, the President is empowered to make a proclamation, when he is satisfied that the Government of a state can’t be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the constitution, either on the report of the Governor of the state or otherwise [Art 356 (i)]. The President may proclam also where any state has failed to comply with or to give effect to any directions given by the Union, in the exercise of its executive power to the state (Art. 356).

Regionalism and effects in Indian polity

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

What is Regionalism and Effect in Indian Polity?

Tendency of people to feel more affinity to their territory, language, culture and social habits is called regionalism. The people living in a state have a negative feeling for the people of the other state. They given more importance to their own territorial region in comparison to other parts of the nation. We mean these feelings when we talk about regionalism. This tendency grows feelings of doing more and receiving more of the interest and development of own region. So, the feeling which accepts that the benefit of own state are supreme and the benefits of the other states of the same country can be ignored is called regionalism. Though it helps in development and growth of a region by its people but on the other hand, it also creates feelings of ignorance or neglecting towards other regions. It can heart all over development of country like India.

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