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Civil Services Main

Civil Services Main Examination

How to fill DAF for UPSC Exam

UPSC

 Guidelines to Fill Detailed Application Form

Qualified Candidates in written part of the Examinations/Preliminary Examinations are required to fill the Online DAF
Aspirants are advised to read properly Rules of the Examinations before proceeding, which include conditions of eligibility etc. as published by UPSC (DAF) for Examinations.

A Brief introduction to Civil Services Exam

About Civil Services Exam

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Eligibility Criteria: The candidate should be 21 years of age and should have graduated in any discipline from a recognized university. Students in their final year of graduation can also apply.

Most Common Questions About UPSC Exam

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How to choose important topics from a newspaper for IAS

Strategy to read newspapers for IAS exam preparation


The HinduIn our previous articles we have already discussed the importance and approach of reading newspapers for the civil services examination. We all know that it is a required task and in this article we will learn that how to read newspapers to get the best out of it. Preferably one should finish the newspaper in 2 hours including making notes and current affairs.

नये छात्र आईएएस परीक्षा की तैयारी कैसे करें। (Prepare IAS Exam During Graduation)

आईएएस परीक्षा की तैयारी कैसे करें।

Process, Pattern and Strategy to crack IAS Preयह तो हम सभी जानते हैं कि संघ लोक सेवा आयोग (यू०पी०एस०सी०) सिविल सेवा परीक्षा आयोजित कराता है, और यह देश की एक कठिन व प्रतिष्ठित परीक्षा है। फिर भी लाखों युवा छात्र देश के कोने-कोने से इस परीक्षा की तैयारी करते हैं और एक आई०ए०एस० अफसर बनने का सपना देखते हैं। यदि हम इस परीक्षा की प्रक्रिया व प्रकृति को देखें तो हम पायेंगे कि इस परीक्षा में सफलता पाने के लिये हमें चाहिये कि हम एक सटीक रणनीति और व्यवस्था के साथ तैयारी करें। सामान्यत: एक अभ्यर्थी यदि इस परीक्षा की तैयारी स्नातक स्तर से ही शुरू कर दें तो यह भी संभव है कि इस सेवा में जाने की संभावना कई गुना बढ़ जाती है, और अभ्यार्थी सफलता पूर्वक इस प्रतिष्ठित सेवा में अपना भविष्य निर्धारित कर सकते हैं ।

How to prepare Economics for IAS

Strategy for Preparing Economics

(Part - 1)

This is the basic introduction of Economics like what are the sources of economics, relative books, newspapers, magazines and what are the topics to be covered and the basic general approach etc. Economics is literally the toughest nut to crack for majority of IAS aspirants in both IAS Prelims and Mains. Many aspirants search for a ultimate book for this but that does not exist in economics and you need multiple sources to prepare, because it is a huge course. Few phases are analytical and technical including the use of mathematics, graphs, equations, numbers etc (but these are hard theory of economics and we usually don't delve into that with that much of details.) You have to emphasis a lot on concepts and current affairs and very less on actual facts.

How to write answers in civil services mains

Answer Writing Strategy for Mains Exam

In this article we will discuss and learn with various terminologies which are used in questions by UPSC especially in the Mains examination like Discuss, Elaborate, and Enumerate etc.

Before we move into the topic we would like to suggest aspirants that "Do not leave your answer sheet blank even if you don't know the exact meaning of the world or exactly what question is asking, you should write something". Even if you don't know about the terminologies like what is mean by 'elaboration' than also you should write something in the answer. Because there is a very high overlap between various terms like discuss, analyze, expand or substantiate etc. More or less, there is a very high overlap so, answer will not be very different, and the same content remains.

How to prepare Law optional for IAS

Strategy for Law (Optional) Paper

Mentor says that the only reason you should take any optional is your interest in that and without interest, you won't be able to prepare for the same.

Role of Coaching


It can be of immense help if you don't have basic understanding and approach for the optional you have opted. You should relied with coaching notes and strategy because it can streamline your preparation. It provides you writing skills and study management to save your time from studying too much and what all is not required for the preparation. With the guidance of teachers you will be able to do smart work and crack the exam without undue hustle and pressure.

Indian Polity and Constitution - (Introduction)

Indian Polity: Introduction

(For Prelims & Mains)

Syllabus of Examination


  • CSE Prelims: Indian Polity and Governance, Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy and Right Issues.

  • CSE Mains: Paper III (GS Paper - 2): It includes Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice, International Relations.

Note: We have already suggested in our previous related articles that aspirants must read the entire syllabus first before appearing in this examination. Because it is too large and we can't put it here and you can get it from UPSC's official website which is available for free.

Breakdown of Constitutional Machinery and its effects

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answer

To ensure that the government of every state is carried on in accordance with the provisions of the constitution (Article 355) is a duty of the Union. So, the President is empowered to make a proclamation, when he is satisfied that the Government of a state can’t be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the constitution, either on the report of the Governor of the state or otherwise [Art 356 (i)]. The President may proclam also where any state has failed to comply with or to give effect to any directions given by the Union, in the exercise of its executive power to the state (Art. 356).

Regionalism and effects in Indian polity

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

What is Regionalism and Effect in Indian Polity?

Tendency of people to feel more affinity to their territory, language, culture and social habits is called regionalism. The people living in a state have a negative feeling for the people of the other state. They given more importance to their own territorial region in comparison to other parts of the nation. We mean these feelings when we talk about regionalism. This tendency grows feelings of doing more and receiving more of the interest and development of own region. So, the feeling which accepts that the benefit of own state are supreme and the benefits of the other states of the same country can be ignored is called regionalism. Though it helps in development and growth of a region by its people but on the other hand, it also creates feelings of ignorance or neglecting towards other regions. It can heart all over development of country like India.

Right to Life & Personal Liberty. How Courts expanded its meaning?

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

Right to Life & Personal Liberty. How Courts expanded its meaning?

'Right to life and personal liberty' as a fundamental right is provided by the constitution of India under Article 21. It guarantees that no person shall be deprived of his live and personal liberty except in accordance with the procedure established by law. Right to life and personal liberty is available to the citizens as well as non-citizens. Supreme Court opined that 'personal liberty' was held to mean only liberty relating to or concerning the person or body of the individual, in the famous Gopalan case. The Supreme Court has constantly expanded meaning and scope of Article - 21.

Role of Caste in Indian Politics

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

Examine the Role of Caste in Indian Politics

Caste is a social phenomenon of Indian society. By participating in the modern political system, caste is now exposed to divisive influences and a new form of integration resulting from a new scheme of universalist-particularist relationships. Caste has gained an influential position in India politics.

On the one hand, a structure of divisions and accommodations, caste provides to politics. And on the other hand a cohesive element which absorbs tensions and frustrations. It becomes divisive when question arises of national unity. But regarding a locality or group matter, it gives a cohesive force by uniting people of a caste.

Political / Regional boundaries need to be co-terminus

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

Topic: Do you agree with following statement - “Political boundaries and regional boundaries need to be co-terminus.”?

Frontier of states and countries are called boundaries. Political boundaries may expand to less or more than the regional boundaries. Regional boundary is a geographical concept of boundaries which divides areas of landmass.

While political boundary shows the area of administration under one government, demarcated either geographically or politically. It is said that while partitioning any country or state cultural gradient of the neighbouring population should also be observed. Unification of cultural integrity is required to maintain political boundary safely.

Panchayati System Implementation - Restructuring of the Indian polity

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

Topic: Implementation of the Panchayati System in the last ten years has led to a real restructuring of the Indian polity. Give you views.

In 1993 Panchayati Raj system came into existence. Enshrined under Article 40 to organise village panchayats as the root level institutions is a Directive Principle of the State Policy (OPSP). The governance of the country changed a lot with the implementation of the Panchayati Raj System. It provides to constitute Gram Sabhas at village level. The Panchayati Raj institutions have started to work as units of democratic set up of our country.

सिविल सेवा परीक्षा (Civil Service Exam - An Introduction)

सिविल सेवा परीक्षा

परिचय: प्रतिवर्ष यू०पी०एस०सी० सिविल सेवा परीक्षा का आयोजन तीन चरणों में करता है - सर्वप्रथम प्रारम्भिक परीक्षा फिर मुख्य परीक्षा तथा अंतिम चरण में अभ्यार्थी का साक्षात्कार / व्यक्तित्व परीक्षण होता है। साक्षात्कार में चयनित अभ्यार्थी अपने अर्जित किये गये अंकों व वरीयता के अनुरूप आई०ए०एस०, आई०पी०एस०, आई०एफ०एस० तथा अन्य केन्द्रीय सेवाओं (ग्रुप ए व ग्रुप बी) के लिए चयनित किये जाते हैं। देश की इस सबसे मुश्किल परीक्षा और इसमें अचूक सफलता के लिए अनुशासन, कठिन परिश्रम, अध्य्यन प्रबंधन और धैर्य ही मूलभूत अधार हैं।

संघ लोक सेवा आयोग - एक परिचय (UPSC - An Introduction)

सिविल सेवा व सिविल सेवा परीक्षा

ऐतिहासिक पृष्टभूमि: भारतीय स्वतन्त्रता आन्दोलन के दौरान राष्ट्रवादियों ने जो राजनीतिक आन्दोलन चलाया उसकी एक प्रमुख मांग थी कि लोक सेवा आयोग में भर्ती भारत में हो, क्योंकि तब इसकी परीक्षा इंग्लैंड में हुआ करती थी। प्रथम लोक सेवा आयोग की स्थापना अक्तूबर 1926 को हुई। आज़ादी के बाद संवैधानिक प्रावधानों के तहत 26 अक्तूबर 1950 को लोक आयोग की स्थापना हुई। इसे संवैधानिक दर्जा देने के साथ साथ स्वायत्ता भी प्रदान की गयी ताकि यह बिना किसी दबाव के योग्य अधिकारियों की भर्ती क़र सके। इस नव स्थापित लोक सेवा आयोग को संघ लोक सेवा आयोग नाम दिया गया।

Free Online Dictionaries/Glossaries by CSTT

Online Dictionaries/Glossaries

Here in this page, we are providing subject-wise list of important terms in both Hindi and English. We refer candidates to use this resource as a reference material (also suggested on UPSC's official website). These terms are useful for many competitive and research exams. You can also search and study useful terms alphabetically from the category page.

Salient Features of the Government of India Act 1858 and 1909

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

Salient Features of the Government of India Act 1858 and 1909

Revolt of 1857 gave a tough lesson to British Government. To tranquilize the after effects of 1857 revolt, the Act of 1858 was introduced.

How to prepare Psychology optional for IAS

Strategy for Psychology (Optional) Paper

In this article we will share some Psychology optional tips for civil services examination. First of all, How to decide whether you choose Psychology as an optional or not.

What are the Pros?


This is very interesting subject to study and interest should be the prime criteria for choosing any optional, If you do not have the interest in the optional you would not be able to prepare. It has been fairly scoring over the last 4-5 years comparatively to the other popular optional papers.

Direct application of lot of concepts in Paper I and Paper II reduces the amount of mugging required. Techniques learnt while reading topics like memory, intelligence, motivation etc. can be applied in your UPSC preparation. From stress management to effective parenting, the subject has lots to offer for implementation in everyday life too.

Important Topics: World History (Unification of Germany)

World History

(Unification of Germany)

What is the background of German Unification


Preface: Birth of newly industrialised nations (like France, Britain, Spain) in Europe which started changing the political equation in Europe.

Main Reasons:

  • Situation: Industrial Revolution of 1750 started creating new changes in polity, economy and society. Despite German states fulfilling all the conditions for industrial revolution, it was still lagging Britain, France etc.

  • Exploitation: by the neighbouring countries acted as a catalytic force to desire to be united and was hindrance for emerging capitalists, industrialists and nationalists.

  • German states were divided on lines of polity, but united on concept of German race and language.

Important Topics: World History (Unification of Italy)

World History

(Unification of Italy)

What do you mean by Italian Unification


It was a Political and Social movement, agglomerated different states of the Italian peninsula into the single state of the Kingdom of Italy in the 19th century. Began in 1815 with the Congress of Vienna and the end of Napoleonic rule. It ended in 1871 when Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy.

Reasons: Common Religions of Italy, Language: Italian (Christianity). Geographical basic is also a common reason because it was relatively isolated from entire Europe because of Alps and exploitation by Austria and France.

How to choose optional subjects for civil services exam

Selecting Right Optional Subject for Civil Services Exam

Through this article, I would like to interact with Civil Services Aspirants about the strategy for the IAS examination.

Friends, the foremost important thing is the duration of preparing this examination, Ideally the time to start the preparation is 10-12 months before the exam.
Selecting optional subject is most important part of the civil services examination which most of the candidates ignore. Generally, "A college student asks whether I should start preparing when I am studying in college itself."

Actually; I would suggest them that "Have Civil Services in back of your mind and just start preparing from Daily important news from various news papers like The Hindu, Indian Express, Economic Times, related magazines like Yojana, Kurukshetra, Frontline for in-depth analysis of current issues and events in India & World,  and think about selecting your Optional Subject". Optional subjects are those which you have to study for couple of years during your preparation for this exam. So, if you don't like the optional subjects, or if you have selected the subject only for scoring purpose, you won't be comfortable in studying them.

How to prepare Essay for IAS Mains

Preparation in Civil Services Examination for the Essay Paper

Normally we don't prepare separately for Essay paper. But this 200 marks is very critical because the range of the marks of tined by the students in this paper varies from 30 to 155, which is very vast and can be very critical for anybody. So, therefore preparation for this paper is very essential but it is a very easy process because out of the 5 essays, we have to answer any one of them. Every year if you see the previous years essay papers one essay is from topics like Environment, one related to the Women Issues, One Essay is related to Science and Ethics and also from Economics, Globalisation & Impacts etc.

How to prepare Public Administration optional for IAS

Strategy for Public Administration (Optional) Paper

Public Administration is very tricky optional to score well in UPSC exam. In this article we will find out that how we can be able to score good marks with this subject.

Facts about Public Administration

The most important thing in this optional is Conceptual Clarity. Unfortunately most of us rely completely on coaching notes and end up having only superficial knowledge which is very dangerous in present setup of UPSC exam and especially in Public Administration. All of us write answers in Public Administration and feel that we have written it well but the problem is most of us interpret questions differently and end up writing different answers. The correct interpretation of question will only happen if your concepts are clear.

In the last two years, UPSC has deliberately increased the difficulty level of question paper as they are more interested in those students who have conceptual clarity and ability to write those concepts in a simple manner. For that, you need to study some basic books so that you develop good understanding of the subject. Books are vary from person to person and there are many books on Public Administration, all of them are equally good but whichever book you are studying, study it well, study it multiple times.