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Civil Services Main

Civil Services Main Examination

Most Common Questions About UPSC Exam

यूपीएससी: आईएएस सामान्य अध्ययन सिलेबस (परीक्षा पाठ्यक्रम)

भारतीय प्रशासनिक सेवा
(यूपीएससी आईएएस सिलेबस)

सामान्य अध्ययन प्रारंभिक परीक्षा (Prelims Exam)

विषयों की सूची:

  • राष्ट्रीय और अंतर्रराष्ट्रीय महत्व की सामयिक घटनाएं.
  • भारत का इतिहास और भारतीय राष्ट्रीय आन्दोलन.
  • भारत एवं विश्व भूगोल – भारत एवं विश्व का प्राकृतिक, सामाजिक, आर्थिक भूगोल
  • भारतीय राज्यतन्त्र और शासन – संविधान, राजनैतिक प्रणाली, पंचायती राज, लोक नीति, अधिकारों संबंधी मुद्दे, आदि।
  • आर्थिक और सामाजिक विकास – सतत वकास, गरीबी, समावेशन, जनसांख्यिकी, सामाजिक क्षेत्र में की गई पहल आदि।
  • पर्यावरणीय पारिस्थितिकी जैव-विविधता और मौसम परिवर्तन संबंधी सामान्य मुद्दे, जिनके लिए विषयगत विशेषज्ञता आवश्यक नहीं है।
  • एवं सामान्य विज्ञान

मौलिक अधिकार क्या हैं | Lecture on Fundamental Rights in Hindi

मौलिक अधिकारों का अर्थ

मौलिक अधिकार उन अधिकारों को कहा जाता है जो व्यक्ति के जीवन के लिये मौलिक होने के कारण संविधान द्वारा नागरिकों को प्रदान किये जाते हैं और जिनमें राज्य द्वार हस्तक्षेप नही किया जा सकता। ये ऐसे अधिकार हैं जो व्यक्ति के व्यक्तित्व के पूर्ण विकास के लिये आवश्यक हैं और जिनके बिना मनुष्य अपना पूर्ण विकास नही कर सकता। ये अधिकार कई करणों से मौलिक हैं:-

UPSC Exam Syllabus for IAS Prelims & Mains

Introduction Aspirants,

Indian Administrative Services (IAS) Exam is one of the most toughest and prestigious examinations in India conducted by UPSC. Hence to win this race that gives a chance to get most eminent position offered by Government.

Here we are providing complete list of subjects/topics for Civil Services Exams syllabus as per the UPSC. Remember that a comprehensive look throughout the syllabus is mandatory in especially for those candidates who are appearing in this examination for the first time.

A Brief introduction to Civil Services Exam

About Civil Services Exam

  • Eligibility Criteria: The candidate should be 21 years of age and should have graduated in any discipline from a recognized university. Students in their final year of graduation can also apply.

  • Applying for the Exam: The candidate should log on to and follow the instructions given on the website.

  • E-Admit Card: Candidates have to download the e-admit card from the website The admit cards can be downloaded three weeks before the examination.

How to prepare Current Affairs

Current Affairs

Current Events/Affairs has become a very prominent component and its role in Civil services examination. In exams many questions are asked from this section, so prepare thoroughly. Because your efforts will be useful for you in all stages of the competition and make it a part of your daily routine.

Current Events

Make an aerial view of Newspaper by making Political Administrative, Socio-Cultural, Economic, Technical, Geographical News. Set the Newspapers in their dates sequence from Sunday to Sunday. On Sunday start reading the newspapers in reverse direction i.e., from 20th of January to 12th of january in order to filter important & exam oriented  news within that time frame.

How to score good marks in civil services exam

Useful Tips: Successful Scoring in IAS Exam

Today I want to share some of the strategies that might help you to score well in civil services exam. When you enter this UPSC examination and decided that this is your goal. First, lot of us will think that this is very hard! But with hard work, which is intelligently done, you can clear this exam very easily.

As you know that this exam is conducted in three stages. First come the prelims exam which is written by more than 5 lakhs people from across the country. So this exam is very exhaustive and it is mainly a screening exam.

Understanding the Exam process and preparation

So, basically if you see in this exam, every question you have got has four options and you have to select the right option. So more than choosing the right option in this stage, mainly consist of eliminating the wrong answers. So in this way you will be able to get a clear picture. Since UPSC has introduced negative marking, it is better to leave the completely unknown questions and mainly concentrate first on the questions that you know thoroughly, then the questions which you are having some basic guidelines. So this is the basic technique that we have to follow in the Prelims exam.

Other than that "How to prepare for the prelims exam". This is a exhaustive study level exam. Before preparing exhaustively, I will recommend that you study the basic books first thoroughly and then you can go for other books. So what happens is once you read the basic notes thoroughly, you get the basic understanding of the subject. And when you read the other books, you will get the added information.

How to prepare Science & Technology for IAS Exam

Science & Technology for Civil Services Prelims and Mains Examination

Importance in Exam Point of View

Science and Technology in years have grown in relevance and has groomed a great width in its dynamics in the civil services examination. The role that general science plays in day to day life and hence with the development of the system has been marked majorly in both the pattern of UPSC Civil services exams that is prelims and mains. Thus, science and technology and general science have developed as a core prospect in the success story of the aspirants.

How to crack civil services exam in first attempt

How to Clear IAS in 1 Year

The First Attempt

The first attempt of the candidate is a very crucial one and that is the attempt in which we can give the attempt with the full fire. So you should not waste this opportunity for just a sake of writing the Preliminary examination. Many can clear the Preliminary exam in just sake of writing but you can not be done with the Mains examination. Let us explain that what advantage you have in first attempt is the thought about the civil services examination and how you approach to the preparation is desired by whom you approach to get the advice. Whether it is the successful candidates or those who are at to succeed. Successful candidates can give you the positive approach, they would have had some fallbacks and how they rectified them. They will help you to focus in preparation with a positive way.

But if you go for some candidates who have not succeeded, they might give you some negative thoughts about the examination that you have to study too much to cover the vast areas of study and course etc.

नये छात्र आईएएस परीक्षा की तैयारी कैसे करें। (Prepare IAS Exam During Graduation)

आईएएस परीक्षा की तैयारी कैसे करें।

Process, Pattern and Strategy to crack IAS Preयह तो हम सभी जानते हैं कि संघ लोक सेवा आयोग (यू०पी०एस०सी०) सिविल सेवा परीक्षा आयोजित कराता है, और यह देश की एक कठिन व प्रतिष्ठित परीक्षा है। फिर भी लाखों युवा छात्र देश के कोने-कोने से इस परीक्षा की तैयारी करते हैं और एक आई०ए०एस० अफसर बनने का सपना देखते हैं। यदि हम इस परीक्षा की प्रक्रिया व प्रकृति को देखें तो हम पायेंगे कि इस परीक्षा में सफलता पाने के लिये हमें चाहिये कि हम एक सटीक रणनीति और व्यवस्था के साथ तैयारी करें। सामान्यत: एक अभ्यर्थी यदि इस परीक्षा की तैयारी स्नातक स्तर से ही शुरू कर दें तो यह भी संभव है कि इस सेवा में जाने की संभावना कई गुना बढ़ जाती है, और अभ्यार्थी सफलता पूर्वक इस प्रतिष्ठित सेवा में अपना भविष्य निर्धारित कर सकते हैं ।

How to fill DAF for UPSC Exam


 Guidelines to Fill Detailed Application Form

Qualified Candidates in written part of the Examinations/Preliminary Examinations are required to fill the Online DAF
Aspirants are advised to read properly Rules of the Examinations before proceeding, which include conditions of eligibility etc. as published by UPSC (DAF) for Examinations.

How to choose important topics from a newspaper for IAS

Strategy to read newspapers for IAS exam preparation

The HinduIn our previous articles we have already discussed the importance and approach of reading newspapers for the civil services examination. We all know that it is a required task and in this article we will learn that how to read newspapers to get the best out of it. Preferably one should finish the newspaper in 2 hours including making notes and current affairs.

How to prepare Economics for IAS

Strategy for Preparing Economics

(Part - 1)

This is the basic introduction of Economics like what are the sources of economics, relative books, newspapers, magazines and what are the topics to be covered and the basic general approach etc. Economics is literally the toughest nut to crack for majority of IAS aspirants in both IAS Prelims and Mains. Many aspirants search for a ultimate book for this but that does not exist in economics and you need multiple sources to prepare, because it is a huge course. Few phases are analytical and technical including the use of mathematics, graphs, equations, numbers etc (but these are hard theory of economics and we usually don't delve into that with that much of details.) You have to emphasis a lot on concepts and current affairs and very less on actual facts.

How to write answers in civil services mains

Answer Writing Strategy for Mains Exam

In this article we will discuss and learn with various terminologies which are used in questions by UPSC especially in the Mains examination like Discuss, Elaborate, and Enumerate etc.

Before we move into the topic we would like to suggest aspirants that "Do not leave your answer sheet blank even if you don't know the exact meaning of the world or exactly what question is asking, you should write something". Even if you don't know about the terminologies like what is mean by 'elaboration' than also you should write something in the answer. Because there is a very high overlap between various terms like discuss, analyze, expand or substantiate etc. More or less, there is a very high overlap so, answer will not be very different, and the same content remains.

How to prepare Law optional for IAS

Strategy for Law (Optional) Paper

Mentor says that the only reason you should take any optional is your interest in that and without interest, you won't be able to prepare for the same.

Role of Coaching

It can be of immense help if you don't have basic understanding and approach for the optional you have opted. You should relied with coaching notes and strategy because it can streamline your preparation. It provides you writing skills and study management to save your time from studying too much and what all is not required for the preparation. With the guidance of teachers you will be able to do smart work and crack the exam without undue hustle and pressure.

Indian Polity and Constitution - (Introduction)

Indian Polity: Introduction

(For Prelims & Mains)

Syllabus of Examination

  • CSE Prelims: Indian Polity and Governance, Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy and Right Issues.

  • CSE Mains: Paper III (GS Paper - 2): It includes Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice, International Relations.

Note: We have already suggested in our previous related articles that aspirants must read the entire syllabus first before appearing in this examination. Because it is too large and we can't put it here and you can get it from UPSC's official website which is available for free.

Breakdown of Constitutional Machinery and its effects

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answer

To ensure that the government of every state is carried on in accordance with the provisions of the constitution (Article 355) is a duty of the Union. So, the President is empowered to make a proclamation, when he is satisfied that the Government of a state can’t be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the constitution, either on the report of the Governor of the state or otherwise [Art 356 (i)]. The President may proclam also where any state has failed to comply with or to give effect to any directions given by the Union, in the exercise of its executive power to the state (Art. 356).

Regionalism and effects in Indian polity

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

What is Regionalism and Effect in Indian Polity?

Tendency of people to feel more affinity to their territory, language, culture and social habits is called regionalism. The people living in a state have a negative feeling for the people of the other state. They given more importance to their own territorial region in comparison to other parts of the nation. We mean these feelings when we talk about regionalism. This tendency grows feelings of doing more and receiving more of the interest and development of own region. So, the feeling which accepts that the benefit of own state are supreme and the benefits of the other states of the same country can be ignored is called regionalism. Though it helps in development and growth of a region by its people but on the other hand, it also creates feelings of ignorance or neglecting towards other regions. It can heart all over development of country like India.

Right to Life & Personal Liberty. How Courts expanded its meaning?

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

Right to Life & Personal Liberty. How Courts expanded its meaning?

'Right to life and personal liberty' as a fundamental right is provided by the constitution of India under Article 21. It guarantees that no person shall be deprived of his live and personal liberty except in accordance with the procedure established by law. Right to life and personal liberty is available to the citizens as well as non-citizens. Supreme Court opined that 'personal liberty' was held to mean only liberty relating to or concerning the person or body of the individual, in the famous Gopalan case. The Supreme Court has constantly expanded meaning and scope of Article - 21.

Role of Caste in Indian Politics

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

Examine the Role of Caste in Indian Politics

Caste is a social phenomenon of Indian society. By participating in the modern political system, caste is now exposed to divisive influences and a new form of integration resulting from a new scheme of universalist-particularist relationships. Caste has gained an influential position in India politics.

On the one hand, a structure of divisions and accommodations, caste provides to politics. And on the other hand a cohesive element which absorbs tensions and frustrations. It becomes divisive when question arises of national unity. But regarding a locality or group matter, it gives a cohesive force by uniting people of a caste.

Political / Regional boundaries need to be co-terminus

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

Topic: Do you agree with following statement - “Political boundaries and regional boundaries need to be co-terminus.”?

Frontier of states and countries are called boundaries. Political boundaries may expand to less or more than the regional boundaries. Regional boundary is a geographical concept of boundaries which divides areas of landmass.

While political boundary shows the area of administration under one government, demarcated either geographically or politically. It is said that while partitioning any country or state cultural gradient of the neighbouring population should also be observed. Unification of cultural integrity is required to maintain political boundary safely.

Panchayati System Implementation - Restructuring of the Indian polity

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

Topic: Implementation of the Panchayati System in the last ten years has led to a real restructuring of the Indian polity. Give you views.

In 1993 Panchayati Raj system came into existence. Enshrined under Article 40 to organise village panchayats as the root level institutions is a Directive Principle of the State Policy (OPSP). The governance of the country changed a lot with the implementation of the Panchayati Raj System. It provides to constitute Gram Sabhas at village level. The Panchayati Raj institutions have started to work as units of democratic set up of our country.

सिविल सेवा परीक्षा (Civil Service Exam - An Introduction)

सिविल सेवा परीक्षा

परिचय: प्रतिवर्ष यू०पी०एस०सी० सिविल सेवा परीक्षा का आयोजन तीन चरणों में करता है - सर्वप्रथम प्रारम्भिक परीक्षा फिर मुख्य परीक्षा तथा अंतिम चरण में अभ्यार्थी का साक्षात्कार / व्यक्तित्व परीक्षण होता है। साक्षात्कार में चयनित अभ्यार्थी अपने अर्जित किये गये अंकों व वरीयता के अनुरूप आई०ए०एस०, आई०पी०एस०, आई०एफ०एस० तथा अन्य केन्द्रीय सेवाओं (ग्रुप ए व ग्रुप बी) के लिए चयनित किये जाते हैं। देश की इस सबसे मुश्किल परीक्षा और इसमें अचूक सफलता के लिए अनुशासन, कठिन परिश्रम, अध्य्यन प्रबंधन और धैर्य ही मूलभूत अधार हैं।

संघ लोक सेवा आयोग - एक परिचय (UPSC - An Introduction)

सिविल सेवा व सिविल सेवा परीक्षा

ऐतिहासिक पृष्टभूमि: भारतीय स्वतन्त्रता आन्दोलन के दौरान राष्ट्रवादियों ने जो राजनीतिक आन्दोलन चलाया उसकी एक प्रमुख मांग थी कि लोक सेवा आयोग में भर्ती भारत में हो, क्योंकि तब इसकी परीक्षा इंग्लैंड में हुआ करती थी। प्रथम लोक सेवा आयोग की स्थापना अक्तूबर 1926 को हुई। आज़ादी के बाद संवैधानिक प्रावधानों के तहत 26 अक्तूबर 1950 को लोक आयोग की स्थापना हुई। इसे संवैधानिक दर्जा देने के साथ साथ स्वायत्ता भी प्रदान की गयी ताकि यह बिना किसी दबाव के योग्य अधिकारियों की भर्ती क़र सके। इस नव स्थापित लोक सेवा आयोग को संघ लोक सेवा आयोग नाम दिया गया।

Free Online Dictionaries/Glossaries by CSTT

Online Dictionaries/Glossaries

Here in this page, we are providing subject-wise list of important terms in both Hindi and English. We refer candidates to use this resource as a reference material (also suggested on UPSC's official website). These terms are useful for many competitive and research exams. You can also search and study useful terms alphabetically from the category page.

Salient Features of the Government of India Act 1858 and 1909

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

Salient Features of the Government of India Act 1858 and 1909

Revolt of 1857 gave a tough lesson to British Government. To tranquilize the after effects of 1857 revolt, the Act of 1858 was introduced.