IAS General Studies Test Series - 2013 (Geography & Current Affairs) : PART - 2

IAS General Studies Test Series - 2013

GEOGRAPHY & CURRENT AFFAIRS
(PART - 2)

Consider the following statements:
(1) All western coasts of the temperate zone receive Westerlies throughout the year.
(2) The occurrence of frequent Chinooks means winter is mild. 
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Consider the following statements:
(1) where the coasts are extremely mountainous the continental shelves are relatively very wide.
(2) Abyssal Plains are in general featureless.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Into which two Ocean currents does the south Equatorial current split at Cape Sao Roque?
(a) Canaries and Florida
(b) Florida and Cayenne
(c) Canaries and Brazilian
(d) Cayenne and Brazilian

Which of the following does not directly relate to the winds?
(a) Anemometer
(b) Beaufort scale
(c) Weather cock
(d) Stevenson screen

Consider the following statements with respect to Hygrometer:
(1) A large difference between dry and wet bulb readings indicate a low relative humidity.
(2) When dry and wet bulb readings are same relative humidity is 100%.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Which of the following ranges represent Alpine orogeny?
(1) Himalayas
(2) Andes
(3) Rockies
Select the correct answer from the codes given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

With which of the following, the use of the term Octa is related?
(a) Relative humidity
(b) Wind direction
(c) Wind speed
(d) Cloud cover

Which of the following does not relate to low pressure conditions?
(a) Cyclone
(b) Depression
(c) Doldrums
(d) Horse latitudes

Consider the following statements :
(1) Water being transparent absorbs heat slowly
(2) Opaque nature of land allows for greater absorption of heat.
(3) Approximately 51% of insolation reaches the Earth’s surface.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 only

Directions: The following questions consist of two statements, one labelled ‘Assertion’(A) and the other labelled ‘Reason’(R) Examine these two statements carefully and decide if the assertion and the Reason are individually true and if so, whether the Reason is a correct explanation of the Assertion.
Select your answer from the codes given below:
(a) If both A and R are true R is the reason.
(b) If both A and R are true and R does not ecplain A.
(C) If A is true and R is false
(d) If A is false and R is true.

Assertion (A): Spectacular sunsets occur when there is a lot of dust in the atmosphere.
Reason (R): The sky appears black to astronauts above the Earth’s atmoshere.

Assertion (A): Most food chains/webs are restricted to 4 or 5 rophic levels.
Reason (R): Man with technology is a dominant species.

Assertion (A): High clouds are mainly cumulus.
Reason (R): A cumulus cloud indicates bright brisk weather’

Assertion (A): Biomass is the dry weight if biological material per unit area/volume of habitat.
Reason (R): The water content of any orgaism fluctuates and has no nutritional/energetic value.

Assertion (A): Today, ecologists regard ‘edge effect’ as a sign of ecological deterioration.
Reason (R): Ecotones represent ‘edge effect’

Assertion (A): Keystone species are invariably the top predators.
Reason (R): Protecting keystone species is one of the key goals of conservation biologists.

Assertion (A): Climax-community is a community that resists further change.
Reason (R): Climax represents maximum biodiversity stage in ecological succession.

Assertion (A): The Tundra biome is naturally the most fragile.
Reason (R): Biodiversity brings resilience in nature.

Assertion (A): Tropical species tend to be generalist with wide
Reason (R): Tropical areas have relatively constant climate with good supply of food sources.

Assertion (A): The temperature in thermosphere rises to cover 1200 oC.
Reason (R): Heat and temperature are two different things in the thermosphere.

Assertion (A): If we were to live in a dry atmosphere absolutely without water, there would be no weather.
Reason (R): Average of weather conditions makes the climate of an area.

Assertion (A): Summer monsoons in the North Indian plains are characterized by frequent thunder storms and aandhis.
Reason (R): Rains associated with western disturbances are feature of Assam,Arunchal Prdesh and Eastern hills.

Assertion (A): Monsoon break is the sudden onset of monsoons along the Malabar coast.
Reason (R): Monsoon retreat starts from September 1st.

Assertion (A): Western Himalayas have larger glaciers.
Reason (R): Eastern Himalayas have heavier glaciers.

Assertion (A): Most of the Ladakh plateau is a cold desert.
Reason (R): It is located at great height.

In the context of the recent appointment of Justice Swatanter Kumar as the Chairperson of the National green Tribunal consider the following statements.
(1) National Green Tribunal was constituted under the Nationl Green Tribunal Act 2001.
(2) National Green Tribunal was constituted under India’s commitment to the Stockholm summit of 1972,Rio Summit of 1992 and under Article 21 of the Constitution of India.
(3) India is the third country following Australia and New Zealand to have such a system.
(4) The Tribunal is mandated to dispose applications or appeals finally within 3 months of filing of the same.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2 3 and 4

In the context of increasing human crocodile conflict in India, consider the following statements regarding conservation of crocodiles in India.
(1) The species of crocodiles are found in India,out of which the gharial is endemic to the Indian sub-continent.
(2) The first crocodile breeding and conservation project was launched in Odisha in 1975.
(3) Government of India established the crocodile breeding and Management Training Institute at Hyderabad in1980.
(4) Crocodile hunting was banned in India under the Environmental Protection Act 1986.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
(a) 1, 2 and 4 only
(b) 1, 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 ,3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Which of the following statements regarding the UN high Commissioner for Human Rights is correct?
(a) High Commissioner for Human Rights is the head of the Secretariat of UN Human Right Council.
(b) High Commissioner for Human Right s is a part of the Secretariat structure- General.
(c) High Commissioner for Human Right is the investigating arm of the UN Security Council.
(d) The Chairman of UN Human Rights Council is the ex-officio High Commissioner for Human Rights.

In the context of Central government appointing RK Jain panel to look into the issue of Compulsory Licensing (CL), which of the following are any of the grounds on which Compulsory License could be issued?
(1) National emergency or extreme urgency.
(2) Public non-commercial use.
(3) Exports of pharmaceutical products to foreign countries with public heath problems.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
(a) 2 and 3 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

In the context of passage of the 118th Constitutional Amendment Bill,2012, Consider the following statements:
(1) The Bill seeks to confer special-category status on Karnataka.
(2) The Governor of karnataka will be entrusted with the special responsibility to ensure the development region.
(3) Hyderabad-Karnataka region comprises of six districts which are under the jurisdiction of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.
(4) The Government of Karnataka is given the power to provide reservation to the local people belonging to Hyderabad-Karnataka region in education and employment.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below
(a) 1, 2 and 4 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Consider the following statements regarding the status and conservation of vultures in India.
(1) Vulture population in India has witness a drastic decline in the last six years.
(2) Diclofenac, a non-steroidal anti- inflammatory drug is often given to working animals (cattle) to reduce joint pain and to keep them working for longer periods.
(3) The consumption of diclofenac affects the eye sight of vultures, endangering their survival.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3

Scientists at which of the following institutions have recently developed artificial blood?
(a) All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
(b) Nationl Institute of Immunohaematology, Mumbai
(c) Central India Institute of Haematology & Oncology Nagpur
(d) Indian Institute of Technology Madras

In the context of the recent demand made by some states that they be conferred special- category status, consider the following statements.
(1) Special- category status is given by the Parliament by enacting a law to that effect.
(2) Jharkhand, Uttrakhand, Odisha Jammu & Kashmir and all the states of North-east India enjoy special-category status.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Which of the following countries has recently scrapped the tax on food high in fact content within a year of implementing it?
(a) Hungary
(b) Finland
(c) France
(D) Denmark

Consider the following statements with reference to the Indian Ocean Region (IOR):
(1) INS Baaz is the newly commissioned air station of Indian Navy at Campbell bay.
(2) The Indian Ocean Rim- Association for Regional Cooperation (IOR-ARC) is an international organization established of promoting regional security.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Consider the following statements with reference to the production of diamonds:
(1) India is the world’s biggest polished diamond manufacturer, supplying about 90 per cent of the polished diamonds by volume and about 80 per cent by value.
(2) Kimberley process Certification Scheme (KPCS) is the mechanism by which world Diamond Council classifies high quality diamonds by volume and about 80 per cent by value.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(A) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Nither 1 nor 2

Consider the following statements regarding Particulate Matter (PM):
(1) It is a term used for solid /liquid particles emitted to the air.
(2) Human body eliminates smaller particulate matter (PM 10) through coughing and sneezing.
(3) According to a recent WHO ranking, Delhi is the second worst affected 5 million plus population city in the world.
(4) Delhi is followed by Kolkata at 5th position and Mumbai at 8th position.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1, 3 and 4 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 3 and 4

Match List-l with List-ll and select the correct answer from the codes given below.

  List - I (Geographical Indication)  

List - II (Geographical Location)

A. Siddipet Gollabama 1. Jammu & Kashmir
B. Kinhal Toys 2. Odisha
C. Khatamband 3. Karanataka
D. Phoda kumbha Saree 4.

Kerala


 

 
5. Andhra Pradesh

Codes
A B C D
(a) 3 4 2 1
(b) 5 4 1 2
(c) 4 5 2 1
(d) 5 3 1 2

Who among the following personalities is matched correctly with his/her respective field?
(a) Bharrat Jagdeo- Wrestling
(b) Salil Shetty- Environment
(c) Ashoke Sen – Economist
(d) Jahnu Barua- Film maker

Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is celebrating its 150th anniversary. Which of the following are the functions of ASI?
(1) Archaeological expeditions outside India.
(2) Training in Archaeology.
(3) Epigraphically and numismatic studies.
(4) Horticulture operation in and around ancient monuments and sites.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 3 and 4

Consider the following statement:
(1) ‘Aman ki Asha’ is a campaign jointly started by the two leading midia house, ‘The Jang Group’ in Pakistan and ‘The Times of India’ in India’
(2) ‘Aman ki Asha’ is an example of Track ll diplomacy.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

What is National Automatic Identification System (NAIS)?
(A) A coastal surveillance project to track merchant ships
(b) A National Informatics Centre (NIC) project to monitor cash transfer scheme.
(c) The new anti collision-device developed by Indian Railways.
(d) Proposed nationl database of persons convicted for sexual offences.

In the context of the political developments in Pakistan, consider the following statements:
(1) Pakistan underwent military coups three times in the past.
(2) Pakistan has the seventh largest standing armed forces in the world.
(3) Pakistan has a unicameral legislature named National Assembly.
(4) Raja Pervaiz Ashraf became the first Prime Minister to be disqualified by Pakistan’s Supreme Court.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
(a) 2 and 4 only
(b) 3 adn 4 only
(c) 1 and 2 only
(d) 1, 2 3 and 4

Consider the following statements:
(1) Comptroller and Auditor General of India Vinod Rai is the Chairman of United Nations Panel of External Auditors.
(2) United Nations Panel of External Auditors is the international organisation of Supreme Audit Institutions.
Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Which of the following is the title of the 2013 Human Development Report?
(a) The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World.
(b) The Challenge of Hunger Ensuring Sustainable food Security.
(c) The World in Transition Understanding Deprivation and Discontent
(d) Empowerment as Entitlement A Right-based approach to Development.

Consider the following statements with reference to the upcoming Indian space missions:
(1) Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System (IRNSS) is a proposed GPS constellation of 24 satellites.
(2) The Satellite for ARGOS and ALTIKA (SARAL) is a joint mission of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and European Space Agency (ESA).
(3) AVATAR is a single-stage reusable spaceplane jointly developed y Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO).
(4) Communication –Centric Intelligence Satellite is an Indian advanced reconnaissance spy satellite, being developed by the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO).
Select the correct answer from the codes given below.
(a) 2 and 4 only
(b) 3 and 4 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 3 and 4

Consider the following statements regarding the 2012-13 Global Competitiveness Report:
(1) Global Competitiveness Report is annually published by the World Bank.
(2) Switzerland tops the list, followed by Singapore Finland and Sweden
(3) India and China are ranked 59 and 29 respectively.
(4) Corruption is the most problematic factor for doing business in India
Select the correct answer from the codes given below.
(a) 1 and 4 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 and 4 only
(d) 1 , 2, 3 and 4

Consider the following statements:
(1) The 100th edition of Tour de France was held in 2012 and was won by Bradley Wiggins.
(2) Lance Armstrong is the most decorated champion in the history of Tour de France with seven wins.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Consider the following statements:
(1) InSight is the proposed Mars mission of ISRO planned for launch in 2006.
(2) The Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) is a mission of NASA to study Moon.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 nor 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Consider the following statements regarding the ‘Childeren in India 2012 –‘A statistical appraisal’
(1) The Report was published by UNICEF in collaboration with the ministry of Women and Child Development the Ministry of Human Resource Development.
(2) Uttar Pradesh accounted for 16.6 of total crimes against children in 2011 followed by Madhya Pardesh (13.2%) and Delhi (12.8%).
(3) Sikkim had the highest Work Participation Rate (WPR) in the country with 12.04% child labourers among total children in the age group of 5-14 years
Which of the above statements are correct?
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 2 only

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