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Exam Study Material

Exam Study Material

स्टडी किट: सामान्य अध्ययन प्रारंभिक परीक्षा पेपर-1 (2017)

प्रारंभिक परीक्षा : सामान्य अध्ययन (राज्यव्यवस्था) - प्रस्तावना


राज्यव्यवस्था : प्रस्तावना (Preamble)

यह संविधान के लिये आमुख की तरह है जिससे संविधान के उद्देश्यों, आदर्शों, शासन प्रणाली के स्वरूप व संविधान लागू होने का वर्णन होता है।

प्रस्तावना लिखित संविधान की विशेषता मानी गयी है। पंडित जवाहरलाल नेहरू ने 13 दिसम्बर 1946 को संविधान सभा में प्रस्ताव रखा व संविधान सभा ने इसे 22 जनवरी 1947 को स्वीकार कर लिया व यह प्रस्तावना बन गयी।

प्रारंभिक परीक्षा : सामान्य अध्ययन (राज्यव्यवस्था) - भारतीय संविधान के स्रोत


राज्यव्यवस्था : भारतीय संविधान के स्त्रोत

हमारे संविधान के विशालतम होने के प्रमुख कारण।

  • संविधान निर्माता हर विषय को स्पष्टता के साथ रखना चाहते थे, ताकि भविष्य में विवाद कम हों।
  • भारत के संविधान में प्रांतों का संविधान भी शामिल है, जो इसे व्यापक बना देता है।
  • भारत में भाषायी बहुलता।
  • भारतीय समाज में अस्पष्यता, अनुसूची जाति / जनजाति से संबंधित परिस्थितियों ने संविधान की व्यापकता में योगदन दिया है।

प्रारंभिक परीक्षा : सामान्य अध्ययन (राज्यव्यवस्था) - भारतीय संविधान की विशेषताएं


राज्यव्यवस्था : भारतीय संविधान की विशेषतायें

भारतीय संविधान लिखित व निर्मित है। इसका वर्गीकरण हम निम्न प्रकार से कर सकते हैं:-

(अ) लिखित : USA, India
अलिखित : Britain

(ब) निर्मित :  USA, India
विकसित : Britain

(स) कठोर / अनम्य : USA

मिश्रण → भारत

लचीला / अनम्य : Britain

Daily MCQs For IAS Prelims (4th January - 2017)

Civil Services Preliminary - 2017

Daily MCQs
(General Studies) Practice

1. Who among the following is also known as “Kabir of the Deccan”.
a. Basava
b. Nimbarkacharya
c. Madhvacharya
d. Tukaram

Daily Current Affairs (4th January - 2017)

National jet selection will begin soon, says Parrikar

  • The government will initiate the process for selecting a new single engine fighter jet to be built in India with extensive technology transfer as soon as the guidelines for giving a bigger role to the private sector in defence manufacturing is finalised, Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar said .
  • He said the criteria for selection would be the cost and the extent of technology transfer. While the price discovery and selection of local partner would be through competitive process, the final deal would also have a government to government agreement.
  • In anticipation of the major order for upwards of 100 jets, U.S.-based Boeing and Lockheed Martin and the SAAB of Sweden had already submitted detailed offers on their F-18, F-16 and Gripen fighters. However, F-18 is a twin engine jet which rules it out of the competition.

प्रारंभिक परीक्षा : सामान्य अध्ययन (राज्यव्यवस्था) - संविधान का परिचय व वर्णन


राज्यव्यवस्था : भारत का संविधान

संविधान उन प्रावधानों का संग्रह है, जिसके आधार पर किसी देश का शासन चलाया जाता है।

राज्यव्यवस्था (Polity)

राज्यव्यवस्था संविधान का अनुप्रयोग है जब संविधान को किसी देश में लागू किया जाता है तो संविधान को लागू करने के क्रम में जो कानून सरकार के निर्णय और संस्थायें उभर कर सामने आती हैं उन्हे सामूहिक रूप से राज्यव्यवस्था कहते हैं।

Daily MCQs For IAS Prelims (31st December - 2016)

Civil Services Preliminary - 2017

Daily MCQs
(General Studies) Practice

1. The Political Treatise of Amuktamalyamada in Telugu was written by:-
a. Harihar II
b. Dev Raja II
c. Krishna Devraya
d. Rama Raja

Daily Current Affairs (31st December - 2016)


National takes over as AIADMK general secretary

  • V.K. Sasikala, close aide of former Chief Minister Jayalalithaa, formally took over as the general secretary of the AIADMK on 31-12- 2016.
  • She became the second woman leader to lead the party after Jayalalithaa.
  • The AIADMK general council appointed Ms. Sasikala as general secretary. She will be the interim general secretary till she is formally elected to the post.
  • Garlanded the statue of MGR even as a few women cadre raised the slogan "Puratchi Thalaivi Vaazhga". A few seconds later they chanted "chinnamma Vaazhga".

Daily MCQs For IAS Prelims (30th December - 2016)

Civil Services Preliminary - 2017

Daily MCQs
(General Studies) Practice

1. Who introduced ‘DuAspah’ & ‘SiteAspah’ system?
a. Shahjahan
b. Aurangzeb
c. Jehangir
d. Akbar

Daily Current Affairs (30th December - 2016)

National of the Naval Staff Admiral Sunil Lanba to chair committee of Chiefs

  • Putting an end to speculation that the government might appoint Lt. Gen. Praveen Bakshi, superseded for the post of Army Chief, as the Permanent Chairman, Chiefs of Staff Committee (COSC), the Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral Sunil Lanba, is all set to assume chairmanship of the committee on December 31.
  • Admiral Lanba received the Chairman’s baton on 29 december from the outgoing Chief of the Air Staff, Air Chief Marshal Arup Raha. He will assume charge once Mr. Raha steps down on December 31. The Chief of the Army Staff, General Dalbir Singh, will also retire the same day.

Daily Current Affairs (28th December - 2016)

National Tamil Nadu Chief Secretary terms raid a ‘constitutional assault’

  • Former Tamil Nadu Chief Secretary P. Rama Mohana Rao lashed out at the Central and State governments calling the recent income tax raid on his house and official chamber in the Secretariat a “constitutional assault” on his high office, alleging procedural violations in the operation and debunking reports of large-scale seizures.
  • He denied any links with Sekhar Reddy, a businessman and public works contractor arrested by the CBI and whose properties were also raided by the taxmen the previous week.
  • On December 21, the Income-Tax department conducted extensive searches at the houses and offices of Mr. Rao and his family members in Chennai, Bengaluru and Andhra Pradesh where they seized Rs. 30 lakh cash and five kg of gold.

Daily MCQs For IAS Prelims (27th December - 2016)

Civil Services Preliminary - 2017

Daily MCQs
(General Studies) Practice

1. Who was the founder Mahayan sect of Buddhism?
a. Vasumitra
b. Nagarjuna
c. Rahul Bhadra
d. Asang

Daily Current Affairs (27th December - 2016)


Polavaram project gets Central funds

  • The Centre released Rs.1,981.54 crore, through the National Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development (Nabard), for Andhra Pradesh’s ambitious Rs.16,000-crore Polavaram irrigation project along the Godavari river.
  • He was speaking at an event attended by Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Chandrababu Naidu, Union Water Resources Minister Uma Bharti, where funding was also disbursed for 99 irrigation projects in Gujarat and Maharashtra under the Long Term Irrigation Fund announced in Budget 2016-17.
  • Stating that the people of Andhra Pradesh had been nursing a feeling of economic discrimination and unfair treatment since the division of the State, Mr. Jaitley said it was due to the BJP’s efforts that the UPA government made some commitments, though without any financial allocation.

Daily MCQs For IAS Prelims (26th December - 2016)

Civil Services Preliminary - 2017

Daily MCQs
(General Studies) Practice

1. Which school of philosophy is also known as Lokayat?
a. Jaimini
b. Buddhism
c. Charvak
d. Bhagvatism

Daily Current Affairs (26th December - 2016)

National to link Aadhaar with details of voters

  • The Supreme Court had asked the Election Commission to study the possibility on the basis of an application by an UAE-based doctor Shamsheer V.P., represented by advocate Haris Beeran, for electoral reforms to allow inter-State migrants voting privileges like postal ballot available to government servants.
  • There is an emergent need to link Aadhaar with the electoral details of voters”, the Election Commission of India has given a mixed response to the Supreme Court on providing absentee voting rights, like electronic voting and proxy voting, to over 300 million domestic migrants in the country, saying there is no foolproof mechanism to verify their identity and block duplicity.

Daily MCQs For IAS Prelims (24th December - 2016)

Civil Services Preliminary - 2017

Daily MCQs
(General Studies) Practice

1. Consider the following statements and mark the option which is correct.
(i) Origin of Indian Music has been depicted from Sam Veda.
(ii) Sabha & Samiti are mentioned as twin daughters of Prajapati in Rig Veda.
(iii) Kshtriyas precedence over Brahamanas is decpited in Atreya Brahamana
a. i, & iii
b. i & ii
c. all of the above
d. none of the Above

Daily Current Affairs (24th December - 2016)

National grand alliance buzz in U.P.

  • Sitting side by side were Nationalist Congress Party’s (NCP) Sharad Pawar, Congress’ Ghulam Nabi Azad and Ahmed Patel, Rashtriya Lok Dal’s (RLD) Ajit Singh, Indian National Lok Dal’s Dushyant Chautala, Janata Dal (S) leader H. D. Deve Gowda, Samajwadi Party’s Amar Singh and their host Janata Dal (United) leader Sharad Yadav.
  • It was, however, the context of the upcoming elections in Uttar Pradesh that dominated the air, with news that the Congress, the Samajwadi Party (SP) and the RLD had more or less agreed on a seat-sharing pact.
  • Of the 403 seats going to polls in U.P., senior sources in the both the SP and RLD said the Congress was to be offered 78 seats, while the RLD 22. “The offer is that the SP contests the lion’s share of 300 seats in what could be a Bihar-style mahagathbandhan (grand alliance) in U.P. ,” said a Congress source. This talk, however, leaves out the JD(U), which is currently in alliance with the RLD for the U.P. polls.
  • Former JD(U) president Sharad Yadav told The Hindu that the unity of the parties that had broken off from the erstwhile Janata Party was the need of the hour. “We were the stronger political force than the Jan Sangh [erstwhile BJP], and, the decline of the importance of the politics of the countryside, the rural areas is all related to the break-up of socialists. Jab Janata Party tooti toh andolan bhi khatam ho gaya (when the Janata Party broke up, the mass movement with it also ended),”

Daily MCQs For IAS Prelims (23rd December - 2016)

Civil Services Preliminary - 2017

Daily MCQs
(General Studies) Practice

1. A Seal depicting Mother Goddess with a plant growing from her womb has been found from:
a. Harappa
b. Kalibangan
c. Daimabad
d. Mohanjodaro

Daily MCQs For IAS Prelims (22nd December - 2016)

Civil Services Preliminary - 2017

Daily MCQs
(General Studies) Practice

1. Consider the following statements and mark the option which is incorrect.
(i) Only two of Ashoka’s inscription were written in Kharosthi script which were found in Mansehsa and Sahbajgarhi.
(ii) Dhandeva’s inscription of Pushyamitra describes about the Asvamegha Yajur performed by him.
(iii) Helioderus pillar inscription also called as Besnagar Garudadhivaj which describes about the cult of Panchvrishti Veera.
(iv) Girnar inscription was first inscription of Sanskrit Language about saka ruler Rudradaman I
a. i & ii
b. i & iv
c. all of the above
d. none of the above

Daily Current Affairs (22nd December - 2016)

National's protest is like Pakistan army's cover-fire to militants: PM on note ban

  • Those who are against demonetisation "are like Pakistan", said Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • The commotion created in Parliament is like the 'cover fire' that Pakistan uses to ensure terrorists infiltrate into India.
  • The PM was referring to Parliament's just-concluded winter session which barely functioned as most opposition parties wanted to discuss the ban on high-value notes and ruling party MPs didn't want to.
  • Our army makes us proud but some people have questions even on their bravery. Is it good to view institutions like this?, "he said referring to some politicians questioning whether the surgical strikes in September on Pakistan Occupied Kashmir did occur".

Daily MCQs For IAS Prelims (21st December - 2016)

Civil Services Preliminary - 2017

Daily MCQs
(General Studies) Practice

1. Which is not the feature of Puranas?
a. Sarg
b. Vansa
c. Chhanda
d. Manvantar

Daily Current Affairs (21st December - 2016)


In Chandigarh win, BJP sees ‘yes’ for note ban

  • An alliance of the Bharatiya Janta Party and the Shiromani Akali Dal has swept the Chandigarh Municipal Corporation elections, winning 21 of the 26 wards for which polls were conducted.
  • Terming the victory a trailer, Punjab Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal said this result would prove a trendsetter for ensuring back-to- back victory of the alliance for the third consecutive term in Punjab.
  • The Congress contested all 26 seats, while the Bahujan Samaj Party had fielded candidates in 17 wards. Polling was held on December 18.
  • The municipal corporation has 36 members, of which 26 are elected and nine are nominated. The Chandigarh MP is an ex-officio member.