Indian Polity: Constitution of
Basics of the Fundamental Rights
It covered in the Part III of the Indian Constitution (Under article 12 to
article 35). It has largely been incorporated from Bills of Rights of USA
constitution and also called as Magna Carta of Indian Constitution because it is
Justiciable or Enforceable in a court of law. This is the elaborated fundamental
rights description in entire world.
They do not do any discrimination among the citizens of India on the base of
colour, religion, sex etc. It holds the equality of all individuals, the dignity
of the individual, the larger public interest and unity of the nation. It
promotes ideal of political democracy and prevent the establishment of an
authoritarian despotic rule in the country, and protect the liberties and
freedoms of the people against the invasion by the State.
It also aim at establishing 'a government of laws and not of men'. Rule of
law has three components i.e. Supremacy, Classes to same law and Impartial and