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2 Markers

IAS Main General Studies 2 Markers Question Answer (Set - 11)

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

Important Topics (Set-11)

Write brief but precise notes on following. Your answer should not exceed 50 words in each case.

(a) Rotterdam convention: Rotterdam convention is a multilateral treaty to promote shared responsibility in relation to importation of hazardous substances (chemicals). It stands for open exchange of information and calls on exporters of hazardous chemicals to use proper labeling, include directions on safe handling and inform purchasers of any known restrictions or b Parties can decide whether to allow or ban the importation of chemicals listed in the treaty, and exporting countries obliged to make sure that producers within their jurisdiction comply. India is a signatory to the Rotterdam convention.

IAS Main General Studies 2 Markers Question Answer (Set - 10)

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

Important Topics (Set-10)

Write brief but precise notes on any six of the following. Your answer should not exceed 50 words in each case.

(a) Transhumance in India: Transhumance is the seasonal movement of people with their livestock over relatively short distances, typically to higher pastures in summers and to lower valleys in winters.
In India it is still practised in areas of Siwalik range, Nilgiris and also Ladakh. It enables the pastoralists to supplement their incomes, for example in case of Bhotiyas of Sikkim it enabled them together rare mountain herbs in winters which were traded across to Tibet and also cultivate agricultural land in summers.

IAS Main General Studies 2 Markers Question Answer (Set - 9)

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

Important Topics (Set-9)

Write brief notes on any four of the following in about 50 words each.

(a) Nuclear supply Group (NSG) and India: Nuclear supplier Group is a multinational body that controls the export and retransfer of nuclear materials through safeguards and protection on existing materials. Effected by US pressure after many rounds of discussions the NSG members finally agreed to grant India a 'clean waiver' from its existing rules, which prohibits nuclear trade with a country that has not signed the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT), in September 2008. The approval was based on a formal pledge stating that it would not share sensitive nuclear technology or material with others and will uphold its voluntary moraotorium on testing nuclear weapons, by India.

(b) Your view on the "Gilgit-Battistan Empowerment and self Governance order 2009': The 'Gilgit-Baltistan Empowerment and self Governance order 2009' seemed to have further strengthen the terrorist foot hold in the region. The ordinance had granted the political autonomy to Pakistan's Northern Areas. It assigned the region a new identity of Gilgit-Batistan. The granting of Legislative Assembly of Gigit-Batistan the autonomy in making laws on certain subjects of internal security and governance will substantially empower the extremists to expand their power and activities that would have anticipated implications on India's internal security.

IAS Main General Studies 2 Markers Question Answer (Set - 8)

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

Important Topics (Set-8)

(a) Kiang Nongbah: Kiang Nongbah was the leader and the guiding spirit of the Jaintiya Rebellion of 1862. He was also known as U Kiang Nongbah, cause rebellion was imposition of income tax in addition to house tax. Apprehension of tax on betel and betel-nut created turmoil and fierce rebellion broke, led by Kiang Nongbah. He was betrayed, captured and hanged by Britishers publicly on 30th December, 1862.

(b) Maski:  Maski is an archaeological site in Karnataka. A minor rock edict of Emperor Ashoka was found here in 1919. This discovery clearly established the fact that "Ashoka" and "Devanaampriyadassi" were the name of the same king.

(c) Govind Guru: Under the leadership of Govind Guru, Bhil tribals, Dalits and others had raised the baner of freedam, at Mangarh hills in 1908. He was the founder of Samp Sabha, an organization dedicated to Fighting British rule, as well as the feudal Indian princes of Banswara and Dugarpur.

(d) Brahmadeya: Brahmadeya was a land grant dedicated to Brahmans and started by the Pallava rulers. In this the village settlements were meant specially for Brahman's upkeep so that they can perform their usual works. These grants were exempted from royal taxes and levies.

(e) 'Egmore faction':  'Egmore faction'. Was a mixed group of Brahmins and non Brahmin professionals including T.M. Nair. This group came into existence as an opposition to Brahmin dominated Mylapore clique of justice party of moderates.

(f) Haileybury college.:  Haileybury college in Hertford, UK was imparting education and training to English youths for the East India company's civil services from 1805. It educated the cadets of East India Company by selecting men for the Indian Civil Service by competitive examination till 1858.

IAS Main General Studies 2 Markers Question Answer (Set - 7)

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

Important Topics (Set-7)

(a) Look East Policy and North-East India.
Look-East policy was launched in 1992 to help to connect the land locked North-East India with the other countries and to improve their economic conditions.

(b) India at the Beijing Olympics.
India won one gold in 10 metre Air Rifle Men’s Event, when Abhinav Bindra created history by winning first individual gold for India in Olympics. Vijendra Kumar in boxing and Sushil kumar in 66 kg. category freestyle wrestling, won two bronze medals for india.

(c) India’s role in Afganistan today.

IAS Main General Studies 2 Markers Question Answer (Set - 6)

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

Important Topics (Set-6)

(a) India’s Ocean Development Policy.
Ans. Optimal utilisation of living resources, exploitation of non-living resources, harnessing of renewable ocean energy resources as well as collection and processing of polymatelic moduls is the main thrust of India’s ocean Development Policy.

(b) Major hurdles in Indo-Pak ties.
Ans. Major hurdles in Indo-Pak ties are as follows:

  • Jammu & Kashmir

  • Terrorism

  • Siachsen Glacier

  • Sir creek dispute

  • Sindhu water treaty.

(c) India-Nigeria: Abuja Declaration
Ans. India signed ‘’Abuja Declaration’’ with Nigeria, setting the stage for a strategic partnership with the world’s fifth largest oil producer on 15th October, 2007 in Abuja. Main points of the declaration are:-

  • Cooperation in Information and communication technology.

  • Energy cooperation.

  • Agricultural extension services.

IAS Main General Studies 2 Markers Question Answer (Set - 5)

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

Important Topics (Set-5)

PART - 1

Illbert Bill:  lllbert Bill was formed by a law member of viceroy's council Sir C. P. I llbert in 1883-84, which was to abolish judicial disqualification based on race. It was passed to give the Indian District and session judges, the same jurisdiction as the European Judges. But it was changed due to British opposition.

Lalas Hara Dayal: Lalas Hara Dayal was on educationist, journalist and above all a revolutionist. He set up the Gadar party at san Francisco in November 1913, established a bureaw in India for armed revolution. He was allegedly involved in bombing of Lord Harding II in 1906 in Delhi also. He was a great scholar of philosophy and Sanskrit.

IAS Main General Studies 2 Markers Question Answer (Set - 4)

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

Important Topics (Set-4)

PART - 1

(a) The age of Sangam Literature: Tamil literature Flourished to give a classic age of literature in South India during the time of 3rd century B.C. to 1st century B.C. It was under the Chola and Pandya rulers in which the Tamil poets created great literary works.

(b) Bhakti: Bhakti is a form of worship in Hinduism. In Bhakti, Bhaktas worship deities through total devotion and love for the Gods and believing that the God answer the prayers for their love to the devotees.

(c) Ashtadhyayi of Panini: Ashtadhyayi is mainly a grammar book. In this book, the contemporary economic, social and cultural incidents at that time are also narrated. It was written by Maharishi Panini, who was from Ganhara. It contains eight chapters.

IAS Main General Studies 2 Markers Question Answer (Set - 3)

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

Important Topics (Set-3)

PART - 1

(a) Simla Agreement:  Simla Treaty, popularly known as the Simla Pact or the Simla Agreement was signed between India and Pakistan on 2nd July 1972. This agreement was entered to end the war of 1971, in December, 1971 that led to the independence of East Pakistan as Bangladesh.

(b) Indo-Israel cooperation in the field of agriculture: Indo-Israel cooperation in the field of agriculture, has been extensive. Israeli side has completed a Demonstration farm project in PUSA at a cost of US 2 million. It was agreed to establish a joint committee on agriculture.

(c) Pakistan’s role in Sri Lanka: As Sri Lanka is emerging as a growing economy and there is a political unrest due to LTTE, Pakistan is taking chances to get Sri Lanka’s favour as it can influence India in the subcontinent.

IAS Main General Studies 2 Markers Question Answer (Set - 2)

IAS Mains General Studies Sample Answers

Important Topics (Set-2)

PART - 1

Write about the following (not exceeding 20 words each): 15 × 2 = 30
(a) Kalhana :
Kalhana was a Kashmiri historian of 11th century. He wrote during the reign of Harsha, the ruler of Kashmir. He wrote 'Rajatarangini', which is very important to understand the history of Kashmir.

(b) Panini: Panini was a Sanskrit grammarian from Gandhara, near present day Peshawar. He wrote 'Astaaddhyayi', which consists of four parts. It is the oldest book written on Sanskrit grammar.

(c) Yakshgana: Yakshgana was a distinguish form of folk tradition of dance. It's a true peoples theatre. It includes song, dance, drama. It was on its peak during Krishna Deva Roy reign.