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Useful Articles

Special & Useful Articles.

Last Minute Tips To Crack IAS Prelims

(UPSC Prelims)
Last Minute Preparation Tips

Before appearing in IAS Prelims, the last days preparation becomes more crucial. Aspirant have to pull himself together and speed up to win. If you are ready for the marathon of Prelims then consider few last minute tips for IAS Prelims exam.

Preparation Planning in less than a month: Study Management is the key factor of your study and even more important when you have shortage of time. We know that Syllabus is huge and one cannot revise the entire syllabus just before the competition. Most importantly you must go through important topics from exam oriented approach in both Paper I (General Studies) & Paper II (Aptitude Test).

प्रारंभिक परीक्षा : सामान्य अध्ययन (राज्यव्यवस्था) - संविधान का परिचय व वर्णन

Polity

राज्यव्यवस्था : भारत का संविधान


संविधान उन प्रावधानों का संग्रह है, जिसके आधार पर किसी देश का शासन चलाया जाता है।

राज्यव्यवस्था (Polity)


राज्यव्यवस्था संविधान का अनुप्रयोग है जब संविधान को किसी देश में लागू किया जाता है तो संविधान को लागू करने के क्रम में जो कानून सरकार के निर्णय और संस्थायें उभर कर सामने आती हैं उन्हे सामूहिक रूप से राज्यव्यवस्था कहते हैं।

How to fill DAF for UPSC Exam

UPSC

 Guidelines to Fill Detailed Application Form

Qualified Candidates in written part of the Examinations/Preliminary Examinations are required to fill the Online DAF
Aspirants are advised to read properly Rules of the Examinations before proceeding, which include conditions of eligibility etc. as published by UPSC (DAF) for Examinations.

A Brief introduction to Civil Services Exam

About Civil Services Exam

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Eligibility Criteria: The candidate should be 21 years of age and should have graduated in any discipline from a recognized university. Students in their final year of graduation can also apply.

Most Common Questions About UPSC Exam

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How to choose important topics from a newspaper for IAS

Strategy to read newspapers for IAS exam preparation


The HinduIn our previous articles we have already discussed the importance and approach of reading newspapers for the civil services examination. We all know that it is a required task and in this article we will learn that how to read newspapers to get the best out of it. Preferably one should finish the newspaper in 2 hours including making notes and current affairs.

How to prepare Environment and Ecology for IAS Prelims

Strategy to prepare Environment and Ecology for IAS

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Today we are going to discuss a very important topic for the civil services examination preparation, specially from the perspective of prelims and this topic has actually emerged as one of the most important topic for the prelims examination. This topic is definitely small but its impact is vast, we are talking about Environment and Ecology for CSE.

Top Mistakes to avoid while preparing for IAS Prelims

Top five mistakes to avoid while preparing for civil services prelims exam

5 Mistakes to avoid in IAS PreMany students work very hard for the IAS prelims exam, but they unable to qualify because of flaws in the preparation process. Candidates are advised to make sure that you do not make these mistakes. Below we are listing 5 mistakes to avoid:

नये छात्र आईएएस परीक्षा की तैयारी कैसे करें। (Prepare IAS Exam During Graduation)

आईएएस परीक्षा की तैयारी कैसे करें।

Process, Pattern and Strategy to crack IAS Preयह तो हम सभी जानते हैं कि संघ लोक सेवा आयोग (यू०पी०एस०सी०) सिविल सेवा परीक्षा आयोजित कराता है, और यह देश की एक कठिन व प्रतिष्ठित परीक्षा है। फिर भी लाखों युवा छात्र देश के कोने-कोने से इस परीक्षा की तैयारी करते हैं और एक आई०ए०एस० अफसर बनने का सपना देखते हैं। यदि हम इस परीक्षा की प्रक्रिया व प्रकृति को देखें तो हम पायेंगे कि इस परीक्षा में सफलता पाने के लिये हमें चाहिये कि हम एक सटीक रणनीति और व्यवस्था के साथ तैयारी करें। सामान्यत: एक अभ्यर्थी यदि इस परीक्षा की तैयारी स्नातक स्तर से ही शुरू कर दें तो यह भी संभव है कि इस सेवा में जाने की संभावना कई गुना बढ़ जाती है, और अभ्यार्थी सफलता पूर्वक इस प्रतिष्ठित सेवा में अपना भविष्य निर्धारित कर सकते हैं ।

How to prepare Economics for IAS

Strategy for Preparing Economics

(Part - 1)

This is the basic introduction of Economics like what are the sources of economics, relative books, newspapers, magazines and what are the topics to be covered and the basic general approach etc. Economics is literally the toughest nut to crack for majority of IAS aspirants in both IAS Prelims and Mains. Many aspirants search for a ultimate book for this but that does not exist in economics and you need multiple sources to prepare, because it is a huge course. Few phases are analytical and technical including the use of mathematics, graphs, equations, numbers etc (but these are hard theory of economics and we usually don't delve into that with that much of details.) You have to emphasis a lot on concepts and current affairs and very less on actual facts.

How to write answers in civil services mains

Answer Writing Strategy for Mains Exam

In this article we will discuss and learn with various terminologies which are used in questions by UPSC especially in the Mains examination like Discuss, Elaborate, and Enumerate etc.

Before we move into the topic we would like to suggest aspirants that "Do not leave your answer sheet blank even if you don't know the exact meaning of the world or exactly what question is asking, you should write something". Even if you don't know about the terminologies like what is mean by 'elaboration' than also you should write something in the answer. Because there is a very high overlap between various terms like discuss, analyze, expand or substantiate etc. More or less, there is a very high overlap so, answer will not be very different, and the same content remains.

How to prepare Law optional for IAS

Strategy for Law (Optional) Paper

Mentor says that the only reason you should take any optional is your interest in that and without interest, you won't be able to prepare for the same.

Role of Coaching


It can be of immense help if you don't have basic understanding and approach for the optional you have opted. You should relied with coaching notes and strategy because it can streamline your preparation. It provides you writing skills and study management to save your time from studying too much and what all is not required for the preparation. With the guidance of teachers you will be able to do smart work and crack the exam without undue hustle and pressure.

Indian Polity and Constitution - (Introduction)

Indian Polity: Introduction

(For Prelims & Mains)

Syllabus of Examination


  • CSE Prelims: Indian Polity and Governance, Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy and Right Issues.

  • CSE Mains: Paper III (GS Paper - 2): It includes Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice, International Relations.

Note: We have already suggested in our previous related articles that aspirants must read the entire syllabus first before appearing in this examination. Because it is too large and we can't put it here and you can get it from UPSC's official website which is available for free.

सिविल सेवा परीक्षा (Civil Service Exam - An Introduction)

सिविल सेवा परीक्षा

परिचय: प्रतिवर्ष यू०पी०एस०सी० सिविल सेवा परीक्षा का आयोजन तीन चरणों में करता है - सर्वप्रथम प्रारम्भिक परीक्षा फिर मुख्य परीक्षा तथा अंतिम चरण में अभ्यार्थी का साक्षात्कार / व्यक्तित्व परीक्षण होता है। साक्षात्कार में चयनित अभ्यार्थी अपने अर्जित किये गये अंकों व वरीयता के अनुरूप आई०ए०एस०, आई०पी०एस०, आई०एफ०एस० तथा अन्य केन्द्रीय सेवाओं (ग्रुप ए व ग्रुप बी) के लिए चयनित किये जाते हैं। देश की इस सबसे मुश्किल परीक्षा और इसमें अचूक सफलता के लिए अनुशासन, कठिन परिश्रम, अध्य्यन प्रबंधन और धैर्य ही मूलभूत अधार हैं।

संघ लोक सेवा आयोग - एक परिचय (UPSC - An Introduction)

सिविल सेवा व सिविल सेवा परीक्षा

ऐतिहासिक पृष्टभूमि: भारतीय स्वतन्त्रता आन्दोलन के दौरान राष्ट्रवादियों ने जो राजनीतिक आन्दोलन चलाया उसकी एक प्रमुख मांग थी कि लोक सेवा आयोग में भर्ती भारत में हो, क्योंकि तब इसकी परीक्षा इंग्लैंड में हुआ करती थी। प्रथम लोक सेवा आयोग की स्थापना अक्तूबर 1926 को हुई। आज़ादी के बाद संवैधानिक प्रावधानों के तहत 26 अक्तूबर 1950 को लोक आयोग की स्थापना हुई। इसे संवैधानिक दर्जा देने के साथ साथ स्वायत्ता भी प्रदान की गयी ताकि यह बिना किसी दबाव के योग्य अधिकारियों की भर्ती क़र सके। इस नव स्थापित लोक सेवा आयोग को संघ लोक सेवा आयोग नाम दिया गया।

How to prepare Psychology optional for IAS

Strategy for Psychology (Optional) Paper

In this article we will share some Psychology optional tips for civil services examination. First of all, How to decide whether you choose Psychology as an optional or not.

What are the Pros?


This is very interesting subject to study and interest should be the prime criteria for choosing any optional, If you do not have the interest in the optional you would not be able to prepare. It has been fairly scoring over the last 4-5 years comparatively to the other popular optional papers.

Direct application of lot of concepts in Paper I and Paper II reduces the amount of mugging required. Techniques learnt while reading topics like memory, intelligence, motivation etc. can be applied in your UPSC preparation. From stress management to effective parenting, the subject has lots to offer for implementation in everyday life too.

How to prepare Modern Indian History for IAS

Modern Indian History for Civil Services Examination

Dealing with Modern History


Before starting your preparation for General Studies, aspirants are advised to review the syllabus for the same.

Official Syllabus for the Prelims

  • History of India and Indian National Movements

Official Syllabus for Mains

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important key contributions and people from India.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawl of national boundaries, colonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc and their forms and effect on the society.

How to prepare Medieval Indian History for IAS

Medieval Indian History for Civil Services Examination

Official Syllabus


  • Mains: General Studies - I (Paper 2)

Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times. Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present - significant event, personalities, issues. The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributions/contributors from different parts of the country. Post-independence consolidation and reorganisation within the country.

History of the Word will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, re-drawal  of national boundaries, colonisation, decolonisation, political philosophers like communism, capitalism, socialism etc. - their forms and effect in on the society.

How to prepare Ancient Indian History for IAS

Ancient Indian History for Civil Services Examination

Dealing with Ancient Indian History


Review official syllabus first and you will see the influence of various topics in exam point of view. History of India and Indian National Movements, Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Indian Polity: Constitution of India (Fundamental Rights) Part - 3

Indian Polity: Constitution of India

(FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS)
PART - 3

Attention: This is part 3 of this article, If you want to read from start Click Here

List of the Articles 12-35


12. Definition of State
13. laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the Fundamental Rights.

Right to Equality

14. Equality before law
15. Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or birth place
16. Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
17. Abolition of untouchability
18. Abolition of titles

Right to Freedom

19. Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc.
20. Protection in respect of conviction for offences
21. Protection of life and personal liberty
21A. Right to education
22. Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases

Right Against Exploitation

23. Prohibition of traffic in human being and forced labour
24. Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc.

Right to Freedom of Religion

25. Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion
26. Freedom to manage religious affair
27. Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion
28. Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational institutions

Cultural and Educational Rights

29. Protection of interests of minorities
30. Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions
31. Compulsory acquisition of property - (Repealed)

Saving of Certain Laws

31A. Saving of laws providing for acquisition of estates, etc.
31B. Validation of certain Acts and Regulations
31C. Saving of laws giving effect to certain directive principles
31D. Saving of laws in respect of anti-national activities - (Repealed)

Right to Constitutional Remedies

32. Remedies for enforcement of rights conferred by this part
32A. Constitutional validity of State laws not to be considered in proceedings under Article 32 - (Repealed)
33. Power of Parliament to modify the rights conferred by this part in their application to forces, etc.
34. Restriction on rights conferred by this part while martial law is in force in any area
35. Legislation to give effect to the provisions of this part

How to choose optional subjects for civil services exam

Selecting Right Optional Subject for Civil Services Exam

Through this article, I would like to interact with Civil Services Aspirants about the strategy for the IAS examination.

Friends, the foremost important thing is the duration of preparing this examination, Ideally the time to start the preparation is 10-12 months before the exam.
Selecting optional subject is most important part of the civil services examination which most of the candidates ignore. Generally, "A college student asks whether I should start preparing when I am studying in college itself."

Actually; I would suggest them that "Have Civil Services in back of your mind and just start preparing from Daily important news from various news papers like The Hindu, Indian Express, Economic Times, related magazines like Yojana, Kurukshetra, Frontline for in-depth analysis of current issues and events in India & World,  and think about selecting your Optional Subject". Optional subjects are those which you have to study for couple of years during your preparation for this exam. So, if you don't like the optional subjects, or if you have selected the subject only for scoring purpose, you won't be comfortable in studying them.

Indian Polity: Constitution of India (Fundamental Rights) Part - 2

Indian Polity: Constitution of India

(FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS)
PART - 2

Attention: This is part 2 of this article, If you want to read from start? Click Here!

Definition of State : (Article - 12)


It includes Government and Parliament of India, that is, executive and legislative organs of the Union Government. Government and legislature of states, that is, executive and legislative organs of state government. All local authorities, that is, municipalities, panchayats, district boards, improvement trust etc. All other authorities, that is, statutory or non-statutory authorities like LIC, BHEL, SAIL, GAIL etc. or even a private body or an agency working as an instrument of the State.

It is the actions of these agencies that can be challenged in the courts as violating the Fundamental Rights.

Indian Polity: Constitution of India (Fundamental Rights) Part - 1

Indian Polity: Constitution of India

(FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS)

Basics of the Fundamental Rights


It covered in the Part III of the Indian Constitution (Under article 12 to article 35). It has largely been incorporated from Bills of Rights of USA constitution and also called as Magna Carta of Indian Constitution because it is Justiciable or Enforceable in a court of law. This is the elaborated fundamental rights description in entire world.

They do not do any discrimination among the citizens of India on the base of  colour, religion, sex etc. It holds the equality of all individuals, the dignity of the individual, the larger public interest and unity of the nation. It promotes ideal of political democracy and prevent the establishment of an authoritarian despotic rule in the country, and protect the liberties and freedoms of the people against the invasion by the State.

It also aim at establishing 'a government of laws and not of men'. Rule of law has three components i.e. Supremacy, Classes to same law and Impartial and powerful judiciary.

How to prepare Reading Comprehension for CSAT

IAS Prelims Paper 2: Strategy for Reading Comprehension

Reading ComprehensionIt has introduced three years ago. It replaced the having optional subjects in prelim. Why? because people used to mug up answers for their optional subjects by using notes from the coaching institutes and other resources. This also left poor students, who can't afford coaching in a disadvantageous state. So, the UPSC decided to introduce this paper pattern in 2011.

How to prepare Essay for IAS Mains

Preparation in Civil Services Examination for the Essay Paper

Normally we don't prepare separately for Essay paper. But this 200 marks is very critical because the range of the marks of tined by the students in this paper varies from 30 to 155, which is very vast and can be very critical for anybody. So, therefore preparation for this paper is very essential but it is a very easy process because out of the 5 essays, we have to answer any one of them. Every year if you see the previous years essay papers one essay is from topics like Environment, one related to the Women Issues, One Essay is related to Science and Ethics and also from Economics, Globalisation & Impacts etc.

How to prepare Public Administration optional for IAS

Strategy for Public Administration (Optional) Paper

Public Administration is very tricky optional to score well in UPSC exam. In this article we will find out that how we can be able to score good marks with this subject.

Facts about Public Administration

The most important thing in this optional is Conceptual Clarity. Unfortunately most of us rely completely on coaching notes and end up having only superficial knowledge which is very dangerous in present setup of UPSC exam and especially in Public Administration. All of us write answers in Public Administration and feel that we have written it well but the problem is most of us interpret questions differently and end up writing different answers. The correct interpretation of question will only happen if your concepts are clear.

In the last two years, UPSC has deliberately increased the difficulty level of question paper as they are more interested in those students who have conceptual clarity and ability to write those concepts in a simple manner. For that, you need to study some basic books so that you develop good understanding of the subject. Books are vary from person to person and there are many books on Public Administration, all of them are equally good but whichever book you are studying, study it well, study it multiple times.

How to prepare Geography optional for IAS

Strategy for Geography (Optional) Paper

Topper says that the only principle or reason you should take optional is the INTEREST in that particular subject. Because without any interest, there won't be any enthusiasm and without enthusiasm you won't be motivated to study in long run, so choose optional wisely.

How to write answer for Geography optional?

Answers should be crisp, concise and to the point. Follow researched answer writing order "Introduction, Main Body & Conclusion". Underline the important word/phrase, and make a thumb rule that one diagram for every 10 marks or with 3-4 paragraph questions answers. Draw diagrams with pencil and label in black pen (you must write number and name of the diagram with black pen).

Pre Guidance Programme

Study Kit for IAS (Pre) CSAT Paper-1 (General Studies)

General Studies Kit for IAS Preliminary

Dear Aspirants,

UPSC exam is not an easy nut to crack. As it is a well known fact that Union Public Service Commission conducts civil Services Examination every year in three stages. This exam is not only a skill test, neither it has thousands of vacancies like SSC, Banking, Railway, and other One day Competitive exams. This examination is a mission, thus only those aspirants can achieve this next to impossible task, who has acute desire to achieve their goal.