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Useful Articles

Special & Useful Articles.

Last Minute Tips To Crack IAS Prelims

(UPSC Prelims)
Last Minute Preparation Tips

Before appearing in IAS Prelims, the last days preparation becomes more crucial. Aspirant have to pull himself together and speed up to win. If you are ready for the marathon of Prelims then consider few last minute tips for IAS Prelims exam.

Preparation Planning in less than a month: Study Management is the key factor of your study and even more important when you have shortage of time. We know that Syllabus is huge and one cannot revise the entire syllabus just before the competition. Most importantly you must go through important topics from exam oriented approach in both Paper I (General Studies) & Paper II (Aptitude Test).

Most Common Questions About UPSC Exam

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यूपीएससी: आईएएस सामान्य अध्ययन सिलेबस (परीक्षा पाठ्यक्रम)

भारतीय प्रशासनिक सेवा
(यूपीएससी आईएएस सिलेबस)

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सामान्य अध्ययन प्रारंभिक परीक्षा (Prelims Exam)


विषयों की सूची:

  • राष्ट्रीय और अंतर्रराष्ट्रीय महत्व की सामयिक घटनाएं.
  • भारत का इतिहास और भारतीय राष्ट्रीय आन्दोलन.
  • भारत एवं विश्व भूगोल – भारत एवं विश्व का प्राकृतिक, सामाजिक, आर्थिक भूगोल
  • भारतीय राज्यतन्त्र और शासन – संविधान, राजनैतिक प्रणाली, पंचायती राज, लोक नीति, अधिकारों संबंधी मुद्दे, आदि।
  • आर्थिक और सामाजिक विकास – सतत वकास, गरीबी, समावेशन, जनसांख्यिकी, सामाजिक क्षेत्र में की गई पहल आदि।
  • पर्यावरणीय पारिस्थितिकी जैव-विविधता और मौसम परिवर्तन संबंधी सामान्य मुद्दे, जिनके लिए विषयगत विशेषज्ञता आवश्यक नहीं है।
  • एवं सामान्य विज्ञान

मौलिक अधिकार क्या हैं | Lecture on Fundamental Rights in Hindi

मौलिक अधिकारों का अर्थ

मौलिक अधिकार उन अधिकारों को कहा जाता है जो व्यक्ति के जीवन के लिये मौलिक होने के कारण संविधान द्वारा नागरिकों को प्रदान किये जाते हैं और जिनमें राज्य द्वार हस्तक्षेप नही किया जा सकता। ये ऐसे अधिकार हैं जो व्यक्ति के व्यक्तित्व के पूर्ण विकास के लिये आवश्यक हैं और जिनके बिना मनुष्य अपना पूर्ण विकास नही कर सकता। ये अधिकार कई करणों से मौलिक हैं:-

A Brief introduction to Civil Services Exam

About Civil Services Exam

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  • Eligibility Criteria: The candidate should be 21 years of age and should have graduated in any discipline from a recognized university. Students in their final year of graduation can also apply.

  • Applying for the Exam: The candidate should log on to www.upsconline.nic.in and follow the instructions given on the website.

  • E-Admit Card: Candidates have to download the e-admit card from the website www.upsc.gov.in. The admit cards can be downloaded three weeks before the examination.

मास्टर स्ट्रैटेजी : सामान्य अध्ययन - पेपर - १ (सिविल सेवा प्रारंभिक परीक्षा)

सिविल सेवा प्रारंभिक परीक्षा : ट्रेण्ड एनालिसिस

Master Strategy for IAS Pre Exam

संघ लोक सेवा द्वारा आयोजित सिविल सेवा परीक्षा में सफलता प्राप्त करने के लिये मास्टर स्ट्रैटेजी के माध्यम से विद्यार्थी के विभिन्न प्रश्नों का हल दिया जयेगा। जैसे अध्ययन सामग्री का चुनाव कैसे किया जाए, कोचिंग इन्स्टीट्यूट में जाना चाहिये अथवा नहीं, अध्ययन कैसे करना चाहिये, कितनी देर पढना चाहिये, नोट्स बनाने चाहिये अथवा नही इत्यादि सवाल जो कि तैयारी कर रहे प्रत्येक व्यक्ति के मन में घूमते रहते हैं। विद्यार्थीयों को चाहिये की वे भ्रमित न होकर शान्त मन से अध्ययन करें।

How to prepare Current Affairs

Current Affairs

Current Events/Affairs has become a very prominent component and its role in Civil services examination. In exams many questions are asked from this section, so prepare thoroughly. Because your efforts will be useful for you in all stages of the competition and make it a part of your daily routine.

Current Events

Make an aerial view of Newspaper by making Political Administrative, Socio-Cultural, Economic, Technical, Geographical News. Set the Newspapers in their dates sequence from Sunday to Sunday. On Sunday start reading the newspapers in reverse direction i.e., from 20th of January to 12th of january in order to filter important & exam oriented  news within that time frame.

How to score good marks in civil services exam

Useful Tips: Successful Scoring in IAS Exam

Today I want to share some of the strategies that might help you to score well in civil services exam. When you enter this UPSC examination and decided that this is your goal. First, lot of us will think that this is very hard! But with hard work, which is intelligently done, you can clear this exam very easily.

As you know that this exam is conducted in three stages. First come the prelims exam which is written by more than 5 lakhs people from across the country. So this exam is very exhaustive and it is mainly a screening exam.

Understanding the Exam process and preparation

So, basically if you see in this exam, every question you have got has four options and you have to select the right option. So more than choosing the right option in this stage, mainly consist of eliminating the wrong answers. So in this way you will be able to get a clear picture. Since UPSC has introduced negative marking, it is better to leave the completely unknown questions and mainly concentrate first on the questions that you know thoroughly, then the questions which you are having some basic guidelines. So this is the basic technique that we have to follow in the Prelims exam.

Other than that "How to prepare for the prelims exam". This is a exhaustive study level exam. Before preparing exhaustively, I will recommend that you study the basic books first thoroughly and then you can go for other books. So what happens is once you read the basic notes thoroughly, you get the basic understanding of the subject. And when you read the other books, you will get the added information.

How to prepare Science & Technology for IAS Exam

Science & Technology for Civil Services Prelims and Mains Examination

Importance in Exam Point of View

Science and Technology in years have grown in relevance and has groomed a great width in its dynamics in the civil services examination. The role that general science plays in day to day life and hence with the development of the system has been marked majorly in both the pattern of UPSC Civil services exams that is prelims and mains. Thus, science and technology and general science have developed as a core prospect in the success story of the aspirants.

How to crack civil services exam in first attempt

How to Clear IAS in 1 Year

The First Attempt


The first attempt of the candidate is a very crucial one and that is the attempt in which we can give the attempt with the full fire. So you should not waste this opportunity for just a sake of writing the Preliminary examination. Many can clear the Preliminary exam in just sake of writing but you can not be done with the Mains examination. Let us explain that what advantage you have in first attempt is the thought about the civil services examination and how you approach to the preparation is desired by whom you approach to get the advice. Whether it is the successful candidates or those who are at to succeed. Successful candidates can give you the positive approach, they would have had some fallbacks and how they rectified them. They will help you to focus in preparation with a positive way.

But if you go for some candidates who have not succeeded, they might give you some negative thoughts about the examination that you have to study too much to cover the vast areas of study and course etc.

How to prepare Reading Comprehension for CSAT

IAS Prelims Paper 2: Strategy for Reading Comprehension

Reading ComprehensionIt has introduced three years ago. It replaced the having optional subjects in prelim. Why? because people used to mug up answers for their optional subjects by using notes from the coaching institutes and other resources. This also left poor students, who can't afford coaching in a disadvantageous state. So, the UPSC decided to introduce this paper pattern in 2011.

General Studies Planner: Civil Services Prelims

Preparation Plan for General Studies (Civil Services Prelims)

In this article we will discuss about a Plan to prepare General Studies for Civil Services Preliminary examination with the very simple flowchart, all the resources, and from where we can read it successfully. We have provided a flowchart below which showing each subject that how we can cover it very nicely.

For example: For a specific subject which NCERT books you need for it? Which magazines you must read for it? What standard text books to read and overall the newspapers for it.

प्रांरभिक परीक्षा सामान्य अध्ययन प्रश्नपत्र के लिए अचूक रणनीति

प्रांरभिक परीक्षा - सामान्य अध्ययन

रणनीति निर्धारण


Samanya Adhyayanइस सेवा में भविष्य बनाने के लक्ष्य को प्राप्त करने के लिये आपमें मेहनत, एकाग्रता, आत्मविश्वास व कुशल प्रबंधन का होना अनिवार्य है। युवा अभ्यर्थी एक प्रमुख बात का ध्यान रखें कि यह सिविल सर्विस सिर्फ एक उज्ज्वल भविष्य की ही बात नहीं है, बल्कि यह एक अत्यंत महत्वपूर्ण ज़िम्मेदारी की सेवा भी हैं और इसमें सेवा के लोकतांत्रिक मूल्यों को बनाए रखने व जनहित में काम करने की आवश्यकता होगी। सिविल सर्विस परीक्षा एस० एस० सी०, बैंकिग, रेलवे व अन्य प्रतियोगी परीक्षाओं की तरह एक सामान्य परीक्षा नहीं है, "यह एक मिशन है"।

नये छात्र आईएएस परीक्षा की तैयारी कैसे करें। (Prepare IAS Exam During Graduation)

आईएएस परीक्षा की तैयारी कैसे करें।

Process, Pattern and Strategy to crack IAS Preयह तो हम सभी जानते हैं कि संघ लोक सेवा आयोग (यू०पी०एस०सी०) सिविल सेवा परीक्षा आयोजित कराता है, और यह देश की एक कठिन व प्रतिष्ठित परीक्षा है। फिर भी लाखों युवा छात्र देश के कोने-कोने से इस परीक्षा की तैयारी करते हैं और एक आई०ए०एस० अफसर बनने का सपना देखते हैं। यदि हम इस परीक्षा की प्रक्रिया व प्रकृति को देखें तो हम पायेंगे कि इस परीक्षा में सफलता पाने के लिये हमें चाहिये कि हम एक सटीक रणनीति और व्यवस्था के साथ तैयारी करें। सामान्यत: एक अभ्यर्थी यदि इस परीक्षा की तैयारी स्नातक स्तर से ही शुरू कर दें तो यह भी संभव है कि इस सेवा में जाने की संभावना कई गुना बढ़ जाती है, और अभ्यार्थी सफलता पूर्वक इस प्रतिष्ठित सेवा में अपना भविष्य निर्धारित कर सकते हैं ।

मास्टर स्ट्रैटेजी : प्रारंभिक परीक्षा सामान्य अध्ययन - पेपर - 1 (पर्यावरण, पारिस्थितिकी एवं जैव विविधिता)

सिविल सेवा प्रारंभिक परीक्षा की तैयारी कैसे करें?

मास्टर स्ट्रैटेजी: पर्यावरण, पारिस्थितिकी एवं जैव विविधिता

नवीन पाठ़्यक्रम के अंतर्गत पर्यावरण, पारिस्थितिक समबंधित मुद़्दों को अलग खण्ड के रूप में सम्मिलित किया गया है। पहले यह भूगोल खण्ड के अन्तर्गत शामिल था। यह अत्यंत महत्वपूर्ण खण्ड है, वर्ष २०११ में इस खण्ड से २० प्रश्न पूंछे गये थे तथा वर्ष २०१२ में भी २० प्रश्न इसी खण्ड से आये थे। वर्तमान में भी पर्यावरण, पारिस्थितिकी एवं जैव विविधिता खण्ड का महत्व  लगातार प्रश्नों के बढ्ते क्रम को देखने से स्पष्ट हो जाता है।

इस खण्ड में पूंछे जाने वाले प्रश्न ऐसे होते है जिनके बारे में हम प्राय: पढते या सुनते रहते हैं। उदाहरण के लिये - ग्लोबल वार्मिंग, अम्लीय वर्षा या फ़िर ओजोन परत के क्षरण जैसे विषयों से जुडे होते हैं। इस प्रकार यह खण्ड व्यवहारिक एवं विश्लेषणात्मक प्रकृति के प्रश्नों से परिपूर्ण होते हैं। इस खण्ड से पशु-पक्षियों, पेड-पौधों की विलुप्त होती प्रजातियों, नई खोजी गई प्रजाति अथवा किसी विशिष्ट कारण से चर्चा में रही प्रजाति के विषय में प्रश्न पूंछे जाते हैं।

प्रारंभिक परीक्षा : सामान्य अध्ययन (राज्यव्यवस्था) - संविधान का परिचय व वर्णन

Polity

राज्यव्यवस्था : भारत का संविधान


संविधान उन प्रावधानों का संग्रह है, जिसके आधार पर किसी देश का शासन चलाया जाता है।

राज्यव्यवस्था (Polity)


राज्यव्यवस्था संविधान का अनुप्रयोग है जब संविधान को किसी देश में लागू किया जाता है तो संविधान को लागू करने के क्रम में जो कानून सरकार के निर्णय और संस्थायें उभर कर सामने आती हैं उन्हे सामूहिक रूप से राज्यव्यवस्था कहते हैं।

How to fill DAF for UPSC Exam

UPSC

 Guidelines to Fill Detailed Application Form

Qualified Candidates in written part of the Examinations/Preliminary Examinations are required to fill the Online DAF
Aspirants are advised to read properly Rules of the Examinations before proceeding, which include conditions of eligibility etc. as published by UPSC (DAF) for Examinations.

How to choose important topics from a newspaper for IAS

Strategy to read newspapers for IAS exam preparation


The HinduIn our previous articles we have already discussed the importance and approach of reading newspapers for the civil services examination. We all know that it is a required task and in this article we will learn that how to read newspapers to get the best out of it. Preferably one should finish the newspaper in 2 hours including making notes and current affairs.

How to prepare Environment and Ecology for IAS Prelims

Strategy to prepare Environment and Ecology for IAS

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Today we are going to discuss a very important topic for the civil services examination preparation, specially from the perspective of prelims and this topic has actually emerged as one of the most important topic for the prelims examination. This topic is definitely small but its impact is vast, we are talking about Environment and Ecology for CSE.

Top Mistakes to avoid while preparing for IAS Prelims

Top five mistakes to avoid while preparing for civil services prelims exam

5 Mistakes to avoid in IAS PreMany students work very hard for the IAS prelims exam, but they unable to qualify because of flaws in the preparation process. Candidates are advised to make sure that you do not make these mistakes. Below we are listing 5 mistakes to avoid:

How to prepare Economics for IAS

Strategy for Preparing Economics

(Part - 1)

This is the basic introduction of Economics like what are the sources of economics, relative books, newspapers, magazines and what are the topics to be covered and the basic general approach etc. Economics is literally the toughest nut to crack for majority of IAS aspirants in both IAS Prelims and Mains. Many aspirants search for a ultimate book for this but that does not exist in economics and you need multiple sources to prepare, because it is a huge course. Few phases are analytical and technical including the use of mathematics, graphs, equations, numbers etc (but these are hard theory of economics and we usually don't delve into that with that much of details.) You have to emphasis a lot on concepts and current affairs and very less on actual facts.

How to write answers in civil services mains

Answer Writing Strategy for Mains Exam

In this article we will discuss and learn with various terminologies which are used in questions by UPSC especially in the Mains examination like Discuss, Elaborate, and Enumerate etc.

Before we move into the topic we would like to suggest aspirants that "Do not leave your answer sheet blank even if you don't know the exact meaning of the world or exactly what question is asking, you should write something". Even if you don't know about the terminologies like what is mean by 'elaboration' than also you should write something in the answer. Because there is a very high overlap between various terms like discuss, analyze, expand or substantiate etc. More or less, there is a very high overlap so, answer will not be very different, and the same content remains.

How to prepare Law optional for IAS

Strategy for Law (Optional) Paper

Mentor says that the only reason you should take any optional is your interest in that and without interest, you won't be able to prepare for the same.

Role of Coaching


It can be of immense help if you don't have basic understanding and approach for the optional you have opted. You should relied with coaching notes and strategy because it can streamline your preparation. It provides you writing skills and study management to save your time from studying too much and what all is not required for the preparation. With the guidance of teachers you will be able to do smart work and crack the exam without undue hustle and pressure.

Indian Polity and Constitution - (Introduction)

Indian Polity: Introduction

(For Prelims & Mains)

Syllabus of Examination


  • CSE Prelims: Indian Polity and Governance, Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy and Right Issues.

  • CSE Mains: Paper III (GS Paper - 2): It includes Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice, International Relations.

Note: We have already suggested in our previous related articles that aspirants must read the entire syllabus first before appearing in this examination. Because it is too large and we can't put it here and you can get it from UPSC's official website which is available for free.

सिविल सेवा परीक्षा (Civil Service Exam - An Introduction)

सिविल सेवा परीक्षा

परिचय: प्रतिवर्ष यू०पी०एस०सी० सिविल सेवा परीक्षा का आयोजन तीन चरणों में करता है - सर्वप्रथम प्रारम्भिक परीक्षा फिर मुख्य परीक्षा तथा अंतिम चरण में अभ्यार्थी का साक्षात्कार / व्यक्तित्व परीक्षण होता है। साक्षात्कार में चयनित अभ्यार्थी अपने अर्जित किये गये अंकों व वरीयता के अनुरूप आई०ए०एस०, आई०पी०एस०, आई०एफ०एस० तथा अन्य केन्द्रीय सेवाओं (ग्रुप ए व ग्रुप बी) के लिए चयनित किये जाते हैं। देश की इस सबसे मुश्किल परीक्षा और इसमें अचूक सफलता के लिए अनुशासन, कठिन परिश्रम, अध्य्यन प्रबंधन और धैर्य ही मूलभूत अधार हैं।

संघ लोक सेवा आयोग - एक परिचय (UPSC - An Introduction)

सिविल सेवा व सिविल सेवा परीक्षा

ऐतिहासिक पृष्टभूमि: भारतीय स्वतन्त्रता आन्दोलन के दौरान राष्ट्रवादियों ने जो राजनीतिक आन्दोलन चलाया उसकी एक प्रमुख मांग थी कि लोक सेवा आयोग में भर्ती भारत में हो, क्योंकि तब इसकी परीक्षा इंग्लैंड में हुआ करती थी। प्रथम लोक सेवा आयोग की स्थापना अक्तूबर 1926 को हुई। आज़ादी के बाद संवैधानिक प्रावधानों के तहत 26 अक्तूबर 1950 को लोक आयोग की स्थापना हुई। इसे संवैधानिक दर्जा देने के साथ साथ स्वायत्ता भी प्रदान की गयी ताकि यह बिना किसी दबाव के योग्य अधिकारियों की भर्ती क़र सके। इस नव स्थापित लोक सेवा आयोग को संघ लोक सेवा आयोग नाम दिया गया।

How to prepare Psychology optional for IAS

Strategy for Psychology (Optional) Paper

In this article we will share some Psychology optional tips for civil services examination. First of all, How to decide whether you choose Psychology as an optional or not.

What are the Pros?


This is very interesting subject to study and interest should be the prime criteria for choosing any optional, If you do not have the interest in the optional you would not be able to prepare. It has been fairly scoring over the last 4-5 years comparatively to the other popular optional papers.

Direct application of lot of concepts in Paper I and Paper II reduces the amount of mugging required. Techniques learnt while reading topics like memory, intelligence, motivation etc. can be applied in your UPSC preparation. From stress management to effective parenting, the subject has lots to offer for implementation in everyday life too.

How to prepare Modern Indian History for IAS

Modern Indian History for Civil Services Examination

Dealing with Modern History


Before starting your preparation for General Studies, aspirants are advised to review the syllabus for the same.

Official Syllabus for the Prelims

  • History of India and Indian National Movements

Official Syllabus for Mains

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important key contributions and people from India.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawl of national boundaries, colonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc and their forms and effect on the society.