Indian Polity and Governance

Important Topics: Indian Polity and Constitution - (Source of Our Constitution)

Indian Polity and Constitution

A Brief Introduction and Historical Background
(
Source of Our Constitution)

Most of the provision of the Indian constitution have been borrowed from the constitution of several other countries as well as from the government of India Act 1935. Though sometimes this borrowing become a matter of criticism but no doubt the framers of our constitution deserve our gratitude for collecting the best features of other constitutions and modifying then in order to avoid the problems faced by them and making them suitable to the Indian Politico-Administrative system.

Important Topics: Indian Polity - Constitutional Bodies (UPSC)

Constitutional Bodies (Union Public Service Commission)

Article 315 provides there will be one UPSC and State public service commission for every state, however two or more states may agree to have joint PSC and in that case president shall be law provides for appointment of joint PSC.

Appointments

  • Chairman and members of union public service commission are appointed by President.
  • Chairman and members of joint public service commission are appointed by President.
  • Chairman and members of state public service commission are appointed by governor.

As far as possible one half of the members of every public service commission should be those members which have held office for at least 10 years under the government of India or under the government of a state.

Strength of the commission

  • Number of member will declare by president in case of union public service commission.
  • Number of member will declare by governor in case of state public service commission.

(Sample Paper) CSAT Paper - 1 : Indian Polity and Governance

CSAT Paper - 1 Sample Paper

Indian Polity and Governance

1. Habeas Corpus means:
(a) an order from a court to free a person who had been illegally detained by the police or any other person
(b) an order from a superior court calling up the record of a proceeding in an inferior court for review
(c) an order from the superior court to an official to show his right to the office
(d) an order from a higher court to stop proceedings in a certain case
Answer: (A)

2. Writ of Certiorari means
(a) an order to produce the body of a person
(b) a writ issued by a superior court calling up the record of a proceeding in an inferior court for review
(c) an order from the superior court to any official to show his right to the office
(d) an order from a higher court to stop proceedings in a certain case
Answer: (B)

3. Which of the following is not included in the list of Fundamental Duties (Article 51A) in the Constitution?
(a) To safeguard public property and to abjure violence
(b) Secularism
(c) To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India
(d) to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals
Answer: (B)

4. Regarding the powers and functions of the President it is not correct to say that
(a) all legislative proposals involving expenditure from the Consolidated Fund of India have to be recommended by the President to the Parliament for consideration
(b) no money bill or demand for grant can be introduced or moved in the Parliament unless it has been recommended by the President
(c) The may direct the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court to take over a particular case for disposal
(d) he calls upon the party enjoying majority in the Lok Sabha to choose its leader who is then appointed as the Prime Minister
Answer: (C)

5. Which one of the following is not a judicial power of the President of India?
(a) He appoints the Chief Justice and other judges of the Supreme Court
(b) He can remove the judges of the Supreme Court on grounds of misconduct
(c) He can consult the Supreme Court on any question of law or fact which is of public importance
(d) He can grant pardon reprieves and respites to persons
Answer: (B)

6. Which one of the following is not a function of the Vice­President as ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha?
(a) He presides over the meetings of the Rajya Sabha and conducts its business
(b) He protects the privileges of the members of Rajya Sabha
(c) He dissolves the Raja Sabha
(d) He acts as the spokesman of Rajya Sabha before the President and the Lok Sabha
Answer: (C)

Important Topics: Indian Polity and Constitution - (The Preamble)

Indian Polity and Constitution

(The Preamble)

The Preamble refers to the introduction or preface to the constitution. It contains the essence of the entire constitution. The Constituent Assembly first met on Dec. 9th, 1946 and the preamble to the Indian constitution based on the ‘Objective Resolution’ drafted and moved by Pandit Nehru on Dec. 13th, 1947.

Text of the Preamble

We, The People of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:-

  • JUSTICE - Social, Economic and Political;
  • LIBERTY - of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
  • EQUALITY - of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all
  • FRATERNITY - assuring the dignity of the nation;

Important Topics: Indian Polity and Constitution - (Features of The Constitution)

Indian Polity and Constitution

(Features of The Constitution)

A. Lengthiest Written Constitution of the World

The constitution of India is the lengthiest of all the written constitutions of the world. Initially, it contained a Preamble, 395 Articles, 22 parts & 8 schedules. As of now, it has a Preamble, about 450 Articles, 24 parts and 12 schedules. Some of the factors leading to the elephantine nature of our constitution can be summarised as follows:

i) Since Government of India Act 1935 was adopted as a model for the Indian Constitution and it was a very voluminous document in itself. Thus it naturally made the constitution a lengthy document.

ii) The Indian constitution has elaborated provisional for Judiciary, Public Service Commissions, Election Commission, Controller and Auditor General of India etc. Which also makes it voluminous as compared to other constitutions.

iii) The Indian constitution has provisions regarding the administration of states. This is unlike the U.S. constitution where the state from their constitution separately. Since the federal constitutions is supposed to describe in details the rights and jurisdictions of the centre and the states. Thus making it more bulky in nature.

IAS General Studies Test Series - 2013 (Geography & Indian Polity) : PART - 2

IAS General Studies Test Series - 2013

GEOGRAPHY & INDIAN POLITY
(PART - 2)

Which of the following statements relating to the Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha are correct?
(1) The Leader of the largest party in the Opposition in the Lok Sabha having strength of not less than one-tenth of the total membership of the Lok Sabha is recognized by the President as the Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha.
(2) He enjoys the status equivalent to that of a cabinet Minister.
(3) He enjoys only statutory but not Constitutional recognition in the Lok Sabha.
(4) He is consulted by the Union Government while appointing the Central Vigilance Commissioner.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 1, 3 and 4 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Match List-l with List-ll select the correct answer from the codes given below:


 
List-l
(Constitution Amendment Bill)

 
List-II
(Description)
A. Constitution (115th Amendment )Bill 1. Insertion of Article 371J
B. Constitution(116th Amendment Bill) 2. Goods and Services Tax
C. Constitution (117th Amendment Bill) 3. Constitutional status to Lokpal
D. Constitution (118th Amendment Bill) 4. Reservation in Promotions

Codes
A B C D
(a) 1 2 3 4
(b) 2 3 4 1
(c) 2 4 3 1
(d) 1 3 2 4

IAS General Studies Test Series - 2013 (Indian Polity & Geography) : PART - 1

IAS General Studies Test Series - 2013

GEOGRAPHY & INDIAN POLITY
(PART - 1)

Which of the following bodies has unanimously recommended that the Director of the Central Bureau of Investigation shall be appointed by a collegium headed by the Prime Minister, the Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha and the chief Justice of India as its members?
(a) Central Vigilance Commission Rajya Sabha Select Committee
(b) Rajya Sabha Select Committee
(c) Joint Parliamentary Committee
(d) Lok Sabha Select Committee

Which of the following provisions seek to achieve the ideal of “Fraternity” as mentioned in the Preamble to the Indian Constitution?
(1) By following the Fundamental Duties
(2) By allowing Dual Citizenship to NRIs
(3) Pursuing the ideals of a ‘Secular’ State
(4) Single Citizenship
(5) By following the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,1948

Select the correct answer from teh codes given below:
(a) 1, 3and 5 only
(b) 1, 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 3, 4 and 5 only
(d) 1 and 4 only

Which of the following statements about Departmental Standing Committees in the Parliament is correct?
(1) Each Departmental Standing Committees consists of members elected by proportionl representation from each House of the Parliament
(2) Together, they cover all the ministries of departments of the government
(3) They examine demands for grants of the concerned department or ministry and suggest cut motions
(4) Their recommendation is only advisory in nature

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1, 2 and 4 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) 3 only

The decision of the Supreme Court in the UP Power Corporation Ltd. Vs. Rajesh Kumar 2012 case, relating to constitutionality of reservation in promotion in favour of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in public employment, is based on which of the following cases?
(a) Indra Sawhney vs. Union of India 1992
(b) M. Nagaraj vs. Union of India2006
(c) Jasbir Rani vs. State of Punjab 2002
(d) None of the above

Match List-l with List-ll and select the correct answer from the codes given below:


 

List-l
(Type of jurisdiction of the Supreme Court)


 

List-ll
(Article)

A. Original Jurisdiction 1. Article 131
B. Revisory jurisdiction 2. Article 136
C. Appellate Jurisdiction 3. Article137
D. Advisory Jurisdiction 4. Article 143
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