Conventions, Acts, Bodies, Treaties and Protocols
What is a Convention?
Convention is basically a guideline or framework in which the parties decide
the basic guidelines (outer skeleton) without delving into the painstaking
details. A convention begins as an international meeting of representatives from
many nations that results in general agreement about procedures or actions they
will take on specific topics.
A protocol to the convention is where the parties set specific aims or
While a Convention encourages the parties to meet the goals, a Protocol
commits them to do so.
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
It is applicable specifically for those Countries Experiencing Serious
Drought and/or Desertification particularly in Africa. To combat
desertification and mitigate (decline or decrease) the effects of drought
through national action programs.
It incorporate long-term strategies supported by international cooperation
and partnership arrangement. So basically it is based on principles of
participation, partnership and decentralisation and addresses arid, semi-arid
and dry sub-humid areas known as dry land where some of the most vulnerable
ecosystems and people can found.
At present, 13 million hectare land becomes unproductive via
desertification with a potential of producing 20 million tons of foodgrain,
affecting some 1.5 billion people worldwide. It is the first and only
internationally legally binding framework set up to address the problem of