Important Topics for IAS exam

मौलिक अधिकार क्या हैं | Lecture on Fundamental Rights in Hindi

मौलिक अधिकारों का अर्थमौलिक अधिकार उन अधिकारों को कहा जाता है जो व्यक्ति के जीवन के लिये मौलिक होने के कारण संविधान द्वारा नागरिकों को प्रदान किये जाते हैं और जिनमें राज्य द्वार हस्तक्षेप नही किया जा सकता। ये ऐसे अधिकार हैं जो व्यक्ति के व्यक्तित्व के पूर्ण विकास के लिये आवश्यक हैं और जिनके बिना मनुष्य अपना पूर्ण विकास नही कर सकता। ये

Important Points of Economic Survey, 2017-18

Highlights of Economic Survey, 2017-18

The Department of Economic Affairs, Finance Ministry of India presents the Economic Survey in the parliament every year, just before the Union Budget. It is prepared under the guidance of the office of Chief Economic Adviser, Finance Ministry. It is the Ministry's view on the annual economic development of the country. The Economic Survey reviews the developments in the Indian Economy over the previous 12 months, summarizes the performance

Important Topics: Women Empowerment and the Budget 2018-19 2018-19 has launched various schemes to empower Indian Women: The Prime Minister’s Ujjwala Scheme will now be targeted at 80 million poor women. Announcement of a special mission to provide LPG connection in the name of women members of poor households.

Modern Indian History

Modern Indian History

Hindi Medium Study Material for Modern Indian History

भारत में ब्रिटिश शासकों की आर्थिक नीति एवं उसका प्रभाव

बटलर कमेटी (हरकोर्ट बटलर समिति -1927) के उद्देश्य।

बटलर कमेटी के उद्देश्य और सिफारिशें।

Sir Harcourt Butlerबटलर समिति (1927 ई.) : सन् 1927 में भारतीय राज्य समिति ने सर हरकोर्ट बटलर की अध्यक्षता में एक समिति नियुक्त की जिसे रियासतों के राजकुमारों की सर्वोच्च शक्तियों और उनके बीच के संबंधों की जांच और 

Important Topics: Transparent Tax Administration crusade against black money and corruption started with the setting-up of Special Investigation Team (SIT) on black money under the chairmanship of Justice MB Shah. The budget 2018 has taken forward the agenda of eradication of black economy and ushering in a transparent and accountable tax administration by another notch.

Important Topics: Gold Monetisation Scheme

GOLD MONETISATION SCHEMEIn the Union Budget 2018-19 It was said that the government would formulate a comprehensive Gold Policy to develop the precious metal as an asset class. Gold Monetisation Scheme would also be revamped to enable people to open a hassle-free Gold Deposit Account.

(World History) Overview of Napoleonic Era & Continental System

 Napoleonic Era & Continental System

Emperor NapoleonOutline

  • In 1806, Napoleon defeated Prussia in the battle of Zena and a new ‘Warsaw Dutchy’ was established
  • In 1807, Napoleon launched an attack on Russia
  • Battle of Elo was fought - thousands of soldiers were killed but the battle was indecisive
  • On 14th June 1807, the battle of Freedland was fought and Russian was

Important Topics: Managing Risks of Disasters for Sustainable Development


SDGsSustainable Development Goals (SDG’s), Paris agreement on climate change cop-21 and Sendai Framework Disaster Risk Reduction (2015-30) – all these three documents have many common grounds, and one such conjunction is climate change, development,

Important Topics: Biological Disasters - Causes and Way Forward


Biological DisasterBiological disaster is defined as, “the devastating effects caused by an enormous spread of a certain kind of living organism that may spread a disease, viruses or infestation of plant, animal or insect life on an epidemic or pandemic level”.

Important Topics: Chemical Disaster: Prevention & Response

Introduction Indian chemical industry contributes 2.11% to country's GDP. Between 2000 and 2015, the Indian chemical industry witnessed foreign direct investment worth 10.49 billion US dollars. This industry is expected to grow at 11% per annum to US$ 154bn by 2020. However, major chemical disaster disrupts its growth and

Important Topics: Post Sendai Initiatives and Way Forward


The 3rd UN world conference on disaster risk reduction, held in Sendai (Japan) in 2015, adopted a 15 year plan known as 'Sendai framework'. The Sendai Framework is a successor of Hyogo framework for action (2005) and it is the first UN agreement on the post 2015 development agenda. It has four priority areas:

Important Topics: Science & Techology For Make In India

Introduction sector contributed only 17% to India's GDP in 2013. So the government is trying to push for revival in this sector through 'Make in India' 2015 and 'start up India – 2016' which could usher a new lease of life in this sector.

Important Topics: Science & Technology in Sustainable Development


S&TThe recent instance of deteriorating air quality of country and capital after festive season led to use the metaphor of gas chamber for atmosphere with low and stagnant wind, refusing to dilute the noxious pollutants.

Important Topics: Earth System Science For Public Safety

Introduction Ministry of Earth Science (MOES) was established in 2006 by bringing all the agencies specializing in weather and climate service and ocean developmental activities under one umbrella. MOES holistically addressesall aspects relating to Earth system processes for providing weather climate, ocean, coastal, hydrological and seismological services.

Important Topics: Space Based Platform For Common Man


The Indian space programme started 20 years late than developed countries but today it has emerged as one among the six leading space facing nations by achieving self-reliance in technologies for building powerful rockets, satellites for earth observation of communication etc.

Important Topics: Science For Development - Strengthening The Science & Technology Road Map

  • The Department of Science & Technology, Government of India, serves as the nodel agency for all government led initiatives that create and strengthen the science & technology in our country.
  • The DST accordingly co-ordinates with several other department,

Important Topics: Goods & Service Tax (GST) on Indian Economy

In order to make India a manufacturing hub, as it will create employment for burgeoning youth, it is imperative that the foreign investors / companies find the environment to be conducive here.

Important Topics: Black Money Menace - Government on War Footing India, black money refers to funds earned on the black market, on which taxes have not been paid. In February, 2012, director of CBI said that Indians have US $ 500 bn of illegal funds in foreign tax havens. To curb this black money government had tighten is belt and shown its commitment to tackle this menace by

Important Topics: Indirect Tax Reforms - Facilitative Tax Regime whether direct or indirect plays a very important role in national building. In the scheme of indirect taxes Central Board of Excise & Custom (CBEC), a statuary body constituted under Central Board of Revenue Act 1963, has been tasked with formulation and implementation of policy concerning indirect taxes which creates

Important Topics: Indian Textiles - Global Scenario (India and World)

Indian TextileGlobal recovery continues, but at an ever slowing and increasingly fragile pace – In 2015, the volume of world trade continued to grow slowly, recording weak but positive growth of 2.7%. Demand in global market across sectors, remains muted but amid a slowdown, India’s textile sector managed to grow approx 1% in Financial Year 2016.

Important Topics: Khadi - A Zero Carbon Footprint Industry

KhadiQuestion: The potential of Khadi as an instrument of poverty alleviation was recognised by our early planners. While the output and employment of Khadi and Village Industries have grown manifold during the last five decades, their role in the context of the new paradigm of development has been questioned. Discuss!

Important Topics: Technical Textiles - The Sunrise Industry What do you understand by Technical Textile. What are its benefits over conventional textile. Analyse the scope of technical textile in emerging as a sunrise industry.

Textiles engineered for specific end-use requirement are called Technical Textile (TT). These textiles are preferred for technical end use over plastics,


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