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How to fill DAF for UPSC Exam


 Guidelines to Fill Detailed Application Form

Qualified Candidates in written part of the Examinations/Preliminary Examinations are required to fill the Online DAF
Aspirants are advised to read properly Rules of the Examinations before proceeding, which include conditions of eligibility etc. as published by UPSC (DAF) for Examinations.

A Brief introduction to Civil Services Exam

About Civil Services Exam

Eligibility Criteria: The candidate should be 21 years of age and should have graduated in any discipline from a recognized university. Students in their final year of graduation can also apply.

Most Common Questions About UPSC Exam

How to choose important topics from a newspaper for IAS

Strategy to read newspapers for IAS exam preparation

The HinduIn our previous articles we have already discussed the importance and approach of reading newspapers for the civil services examination. We all know that it is a required task and in this article we will learn that how to read newspapers to get the best out of it. Preferably one should finish the newspaper in 2 hours including making notes and current affairs.

How to prepare Environment and Ecology for IAS Prelims

Strategy to prepare Environment and Ecology for IAS

Today we are going to discuss a very important topic for the civil services examination preparation, specially from the perspective of prelims and this topic has actually emerged as one of the most important topic for the prelims examination. This topic is definitely small but its impact is vast, we are talking about Environment and Ecology for CSE.

Top Mistakes to avoid while preparing for IAS Prelims

Top five mistakes to avoid while preparing for civil services prelims exam

5 Mistakes to avoid in IAS PreMany students work very hard for the IAS prelims exam, but they unable to qualify because of flaws in the preparation process. Candidates are advised to make sure that you do not make these mistakes. Below we are listing 5 mistakes to avoid:

How to prepare Economics for IAS

Strategy for Preparing Economics

(Part - 1)

This is the basic introduction of Economics like what are the sources of economics, relative books, newspapers, magazines and what are the topics to be covered and the basic general approach etc. Economics is literally the toughest nut to crack for majority of IAS aspirants in both IAS Prelims and Mains. Many aspirants search for a ultimate book for this but that does not exist in economics and you need multiple sources to prepare, because it is a huge course. Few phases are analytical and technical including the use of mathematics, graphs, equations, numbers etc (but these are hard theory of economics and we usually don't delve into that with that much of details.) You have to emphasis a lot on concepts and current affairs and very less on actual facts.

How to write answers in civil services mains

Answer Writing Strategy for Mains Exam

In this article we will discuss and learn with various terminologies which are used in questions by UPSC especially in the Mains examination like Discuss, Elaborate, and Enumerate etc.

Before we move into the topic we would like to suggest aspirants that "Do not leave your answer sheet blank even if you don't know the exact meaning of the world or exactly what question is asking, you should write something". Even if you don't know about the terminologies like what is mean by 'elaboration' than also you should write something in the answer. Because there is a very high overlap between various terms like discuss, analyze, expand or substantiate etc. More or less, there is a very high overlap so, answer will not be very different, and the same content remains.

How to prepare Law optional for IAS

Strategy for Law (Optional) Paper

Mentor says that the only reason you should take any optional is your interest in that and without interest, you won't be able to prepare for the same.

Role of Coaching

It can be of immense help if you don't have basic understanding and approach for the optional you have opted. You should relied with coaching notes and strategy because it can streamline your preparation. It provides you writing skills and study management to save your time from studying too much and what all is not required for the preparation. With the guidance of teachers you will be able to do smart work and crack the exam without undue hustle and pressure.

How to prepare Psychology optional for IAS

Strategy for Psychology (Optional) Paper

In this article we will share some Psychology optional tips for civil services examination. First of all, How to decide whether you choose Psychology as an optional or not.

What are the Pros?

This is very interesting subject to study and interest should be the prime criteria for choosing any optional, If you do not have the interest in the optional you would not be able to prepare. It has been fairly scoring over the last 4-5 years comparatively to the other popular optional papers.

Direct application of lot of concepts in Paper I and Paper II reduces the amount of mugging required. Techniques learnt while reading topics like memory, intelligence, motivation etc. can be applied in your UPSC preparation. From stress management to effective parenting, the subject has lots to offer for implementation in everyday life too.

How to prepare Modern Indian History for IAS

Modern Indian History for Civil Services Examination

Dealing with Modern History

Before starting your preparation for General Studies, aspirants are advised to review the syllabus for the same.

Official Syllabus for the Prelims

  • History of India and Indian National Movements

Official Syllabus for Mains

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important key contributions and people from India.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawl of national boundaries, colonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc and their forms and effect on the society.

How to prepare Medieval Indian History for IAS

Medieval Indian History for Civil Services Examination

Official Syllabus

  • Mains: General Studies - I (Paper 2)

Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times. Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present - significant event, personalities, issues. The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributions/contributors from different parts of the country. Post-independence consolidation and reorganisation within the country.

History of the Word will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, re-drawal  of national boundaries, colonisation, decolonisation, political philosophers like communism, capitalism, socialism etc. - their forms and effect in on the society.

How to prepare Ancient Indian History for IAS

Ancient Indian History for Civil Services Examination

Dealing with Ancient Indian History

Review official syllabus first and you will see the influence of various topics in exam point of view. History of India and Indian National Movements, Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

How to choose optional subjects for civil services exam

Selecting Right Optional Subject for Civil Services Exam

Through this article, I would like to interact with Civil Services Aspirants about the strategy for the IAS examination.

Friends, the foremost important thing is the duration of preparing this examination, Ideally the time to start the preparation is 10-12 months before the exam.
Selecting optional subject is most important part of the civil services examination which most of the candidates ignore. Generally, "A college student asks whether I should start preparing when I am studying in college itself."

Actually; I would suggest them that "Have Civil Services in back of your mind and just start preparing from Daily important news from various news papers like The Hindu, Indian Express, Economic Times, related magazines like Yojana, Kurukshetra, Frontline for in-depth analysis of current issues and events in India & World,  and think about selecting your Optional Subject". Optional subjects are those which you have to study for couple of years during your preparation for this exam. So, if you don't like the optional subjects, or if you have selected the subject only for scoring purpose, you won't be comfortable in studying them.

How to prepare Reading Comprehension for CSAT

IAS Prelims Paper 2: Strategy for Reading Comprehension

Reading ComprehensionIt has introduced three years ago. It replaced the having optional subjects in prelim. Why? because people used to mug up answers for their optional subjects by using notes from the coaching institutes and other resources. This also left poor students, who can't afford coaching in a disadvantageous state. So, the UPSC decided to introduce this paper pattern in 2011.

How to prepare Essay for IAS Mains

Preparation in Civil Services Examination for the Essay Paper

Normally we don't prepare separately for Essay paper. But this 200 marks is very critical because the range of the marks of tined by the students in this paper varies from 30 to 155, which is very vast and can be very critical for anybody. So, therefore preparation for this paper is very essential but it is a very easy process because out of the 5 essays, we have to answer any one of them. Every year if you see the previous years essay papers one essay is from topics like Environment, one related to the Women Issues, One Essay is related to Science and Ethics and also from Economics, Globalisation & Impacts etc.

How to prepare Public Administration optional for IAS

Strategy for Public Administration (Optional) Paper

Public Administration is very tricky optional to score well in UPSC exam. In this article we will find out that how we can be able to score good marks with this subject.

Facts about Public Administration

The most important thing in this optional is Conceptual Clarity. Unfortunately most of us rely completely on coaching notes and end up having only superficial knowledge which is very dangerous in present setup of UPSC exam and especially in Public Administration. All of us write answers in Public Administration and feel that we have written it well but the problem is most of us interpret questions differently and end up writing different answers. The correct interpretation of question will only happen if your concepts are clear.

In the last two years, UPSC has deliberately increased the difficulty level of question paper as they are more interested in those students who have conceptual clarity and ability to write those concepts in a simple manner. For that, you need to study some basic books so that you develop good understanding of the subject. Books are vary from person to person and there are many books on Public Administration, all of them are equally good but whichever book you are studying, study it well, study it multiple times.

How to prepare Geography optional for IAS

Strategy for Geography (Optional) Paper

Topper says that the only principle or reason you should take optional is the INTEREST in that particular subject. Because without any interest, there won't be any enthusiasm and without enthusiasm you won't be motivated to study in long run, so choose optional wisely.

How to write answer for Geography optional?

Answers should be crisp, concise and to the point. Follow researched answer writing order "Introduction, Main Body & Conclusion". Underline the important word/phrase, and make a thumb rule that one diagram for every 10 marks or with 3-4 paragraph questions answers. Draw diagrams with pencil and label in black pen (you must write number and name of the diagram with black pen).

Pre Guidance Programme

Study Kit for IAS (Pre) CSAT Paper-1 (General Studies)

General Studies Kit for IAS Preliminary

Dear Aspirants,

UPSC exam is not an easy nut to crack. As it is a well known fact that Union Public Service Commission conducts civil Services Examination every year in three stages. This exam is not only a skill test, neither it has thousands of vacancies like SSC, Banking, Railway, and other One day Competitive exams. This examination is a mission, thus only those aspirants can achieve this next to impossible task, who has acute desire to achieve their goal.

Interview Preparation tips by UPSC Toppers (Presentation and Opinion Building)

Interview Preparation tips by UPSC Toppers

Preparing for an interview can be very tough, as the elements of surprise and arbitrariness is there!

How Interview can be a game changer?

Personality Test or Interview carries 275 marks out of a total of 2025 marks, where as the mains exams are of 750 marks. Scoring the 70%  of these 275 marks are in your hands and you can easily score them , where as from those 750 marks from mains even scoring 40% is tough. So, even if you were not so strong in the mains examination you can makeup for it in the interview for some extent.

Presenting Yourself Matters

It is a test of your personality, not your knowledge. How you will present yourself will matter. It might happen that you answer 100/100 questions correctly and still you get a low score, just because of your presentation. In other hand some person who got 99/100 wrong and still got good marks, because he was very good in presentation and board loved him. So, your presentation is the only thing that will matter along with your knowledge. Also no one can tell you that "How to present yourself in a better manner". For this you have to take points like:

How to read Yojana magazine

Read Yojana Magazine in one day for UPSC

There are certain myths about Yojana magazine among aspirants that do not buy Yojana and throw away. Please DO NOT throw Yojana away. Because there are only 12 Yojana's per year and you can keep all of them together and still if you want to throw them away then you can download Yojana from (free of cost). So, read it with The Hindu July to July for Civil Services Prelims examination, and similarly for Civil Services Main exam preparation read it from November to November.

DO NOT subscribe to any other magazine like Kurukshetra, any other Economic and Political Weekly, CST/Chronicle/WF/SAP etc. Please note that these all are good magazines but we do not have that much time to read them all.

How to read The Hindu Newspaper

How to read The Hindu Newspaper

The HinduThe importance of reading newspaper for the Civil Services it has increased tremendously. Out of the many newspapers available in the market from the Hindustan Times to the Indian Express but The Hindu covers entire news very well from the national perspectives, international perspectives, science & technology and other issues in very holistic manner.

General Studies Planner: Civil Services Prelims

Preparation Plan for General Studies (Civil Services Prelims)

In this article we will discuss about a Plan to prepare General Studies for Civil Services Preliminary examination with the very simple flowchart, all the resources, and from where we can read it successfully. We have provided a flowchart below which showing each subject that how we can cover it very nicely.

For example: For a specific subject which NCERT books you need for it? Which magazines you must read for it? What standard text books to read and overall the newspapers for it.

How to prepare Anthropology optional for IAS

Strategy for Anthropology (Optional) Paper

Those candidates who have read Biology as a subject in graduation or those who are doctors can certainly consider Anthropology as an optional subject. PG in zoology or biology background from universities like DU can help you to became easy to understand very important and marks fetching portion of Anthropology called as Physical / Biological Anthropology.

If you have interest in reading and learning about tribal issues. The issues pertaining to Indian society (as Anthropology is close to Sociology but more scientific in approach). A good understanding of Anthropology helps in Essay paper.

How to prepare Economics optional for IAS

Strategy for Economics (Optional) Paper

In this article we will talk about Economics optional. Aspirant will get a detailed discussion and useful tips in order to evaluate the study approach for this subject in civil services main examination.

Method of studying Economics

There are multiple sources of preparation in a subject like Economics.

Stage - 1

Concentrate on understanding and concepts of whatever you are reading whether it be theorems or some models. We might forget the things 2 days after we have read it, Don't worry it is normal because you are not able to understand even the half the questions which have been asked in previous years. You don't have the clue of how to write answers in the exam, don't worry. Just ensure you finish the syllabus once appropriately.

How to prepare History optional for IAS

Strategy for History (Optional) Paper

Here we will be discussing History Optional Strategy to help UPSC aspirants, who will be taking or already taken History as an optional.

Why History as an Optional?

First of all whatever optional you take, you must have interest in that because you have to read this subject for the next 2-3 years. We believe that History is a scientific, objective, analytical subject. Because it is based on scientific evidences also, historical records, and based on that records you have to frame your answers and to connect the points, it is required that you have good analytical skill. Most interesting thing is that it helps in General Studies too, because its 40% syllabus is common to General Studies syllabi in the form of World History, Modern History and Art & Architecture. Historical perspective is require to analyse social issues, political issues, as well as economical issues and it also helps in writing Essay. So, this optional will help you in enriching your knowledge.

How to prepare Physics optional for IAS

Strategy for Physics (Optional) Paper

Our choice should be dictated by the passion for the subject you are taking as your optional, and the comfort level because in the long term those are the factors that help you keep going during times of adversity. If you intended to restrict yourself to coaching notes only, no syllabus is truly vast, authentic academic sources that the study material seems intimidating.

Preparation approach for Physics optional

The preparation has to be done in four phases.

Phase - 1 : Focus on studying all the original source material and practising derivations for the first time. Making your own notes after referring to multiple books for the same topic. By the end of this phase, preferably by July or August, all your notes should be impeccably done and there should not be a need to go back to the source books except in special cases.