EARLY MEDIEVAL INDIA (800 - 1200
Tripartite Struggle: 8th to 10th Centuries
Between 750 AD and 1000 AD three empires dominated the
political scene in India. These were the Palas who dominated eastern India till
the middle of the 9th century; the Pratiharas who dominated the western part of
India and the upper gangetic valley till the middle of the 10th century, and the
Rashkrakuta empire, which dominated the deccan and also controlled the territory
in north and south India at various times. They were involved in conflict among
themselves, but provided stable conditions of life over large areas and gave
patronage to arts and letters of the three, the rashtrakuta empire lasted the
longest, it was also the most powerful empire of the three and acted as a bridge
between north and south India in economic as well as cultural matters.
Palas: Ruled in areas of Bihar and Bengal with
capital at Mongyr (Munger).
Gopala: The death of Sasanka of Gauda created anarchy
and confusion in Bengal, whereupon the notable men of Bengal elected Gopala as
King in 750 AD. Gopala thus set up the pala Kingdom. Gopala was an ardent
Buddhist and set up the Odantapuri Vihar (modem Bihar Sharif).
Dharmpala: Gopala was succeeded by his son Dharampala.
Dharampala was defeated by the Rashktrakuta ruler Dhruva –III who also defected
the Pratihara ruler vatasraja. But, Dhruva returned to the Deccan were upon
Dharampala accupied Kannauj but could not consolidate his control over it as
Pratihara power revived under Nagabhata II who defeted Dharampala near Mongyr.
Devapala: The son of Daharmpala succeeded him. He
extended control over Prayag jyotispur (Assam) and also part of Orissa and
probably during his reign, some part of Vihara at Nalanda was constructed by
Balaputradev, a Sailendera ruler of Sumitra, Java and Malaya.